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Did You Know?Quebec - Did you know? A common belief in old Quebec was that lutins [spirits] had the power to do many things for people. They could procure good weather for the crops. They could watch over favorite animals. They could intercede for the recovery of a sick member of the household. Some have even been known to, 'during the night, shave the face of his master and black his boots for Sunday morning'.

Source: The Journal of American Folklore, Vol. 5, No. 19, Oct. - Dec., 1892, Lutins in the Province of Quebec

Over time, Quebec has gone through a series of name changes.

From its inception in the early 1600s until 1760, it was called Canada, New France
1760 to 1763, it was simply Canada
1763 to 1791 - Province of Quebec
1791 to 1867 - Lower Canada
1867 to present - Quebec, Canada

Thanks to Micheline MacDonald for providing this information.

Paris, France -
Paris, France


Paris, France - Paris - Les Grands Boulevards (1900)
Paris, France
Paris - Les Grands Boulevards (1900)

Paris, France -
Paris, France


Sainte-Anne-de-Beaupré, Québec, Canada (Beaupre) - Chapel and Grotto at Ste. Anne de Beaupre
1882 - Lucius O'Brien - Picturesque Canada (1882–84)
Sainte-Anne-de-Beaupré established in 1678
Sainte-Anne-de-Beaupré, Québec, Canada (Beaupre)
Chapel and Grotto at Ste. Anne de Beaupre
1882 - Lucius O'Brien - Picturesque Canada (1882–84)
Sainte-Anne-de-Beaupré established in 1678

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immigrant Fille a Marier flag  Jeanne  Bitouset (Bitouzet)

  (b. 1636Paris, France   d. 10 February 1706Sainte-Anne-de-Beaupré, Canada, New France )  

Jeanne Bitouset (Bitouzet) was born 1636 in Paris, France. Jeanne Bitouset (Bitouzet) was the child of

Jeanne was a Fille à Marier, arriving in New France by 1653.

She married  Louis Guimond 11 February 1653 in Québec, Canada, New France .  The couple had (at least) 4 children. Louis Guimond  was born 1625 in Mortagne, Perche, France (Mortagne-au-Perche) .  He died 8 June 1661 in Sainte-Anne-de-Beaupré, Québec, Canada (Beaupre) . 

She married  (2) Jean Baret (Barette) (Barrette) 24 November 1661 in Château-Richer, Canada, New France .  The couple had (at least) 6 children. Jean Baret (Barette) (Barrette)  was born 2 November 1630 in , France .  He died 22 December 1708 in Sainte-Anne-de-Beaupré, Québec, Canada (Beaupre) . 

Jeanne Bitouset (Bitouzet) died 10 February 1706 in Sainte-Anne-de-Beaupré, Canada, New France .

Pedigree Chart Pedigree Chart Family Group Record Family Group Record Invention Inventions

Marriage / Partner(s) and Child(ren)

Jeanne Bitouset (Bitouzet) married immigrant flag Louis Guimond-- Date: 11 February 1653 Place: Québec, Canada, New France

Added: 1/3/2015 11:20:08 AM  

flag Jacques Guimond (b.26 September 1653, Québec, Canada, New France   d. 2 October 1653, Québec, Canada, New France )

flag Joseph Guimond (b.19 October 1654, Québec, Canada, New France   d. 25 March 1731, Sainte-Anne-de-Beaupré, Canada, New France )

flag Louise Guimond (b.26 August 1658, Québec, Canada, New France   d. 28 February 1728, Château-Richer, Canada, New France )

flag Claude Guimond (b.abt. 1660, Québec, Canada, New France   d. 14 February 1738, Cap-St-Ignace, Canada, New France )

Jeanne Bitouset (Bitouzet) married immigrant flag Jean Baret (Barette) (Barrette)-- Date: 24 November 1661 Place: Château-Richer, Canada, New France 

groom's name: Jan Barette
groom's birth date:
groom's birthplace:
groom's age:
bride's name: Janne Bitouset
bride's birth date:
bride's birthplace:
bride's age:
marriage date: 24 Nov 1661
marriage place: Chateau Richer, Montmorency I, Quebec
groom's father's name: Guillaume Barette
groom's mother's name: Tithienne Carin
bride's father's name: Antoine Bitouset
bride's mother's name: Nicolle Lecerf
groom's race: White
groom's marital status: Single
groom's previous wife's name:
bride's race: White
bride's marital status: Single
bride's previous husband's name:
indexing project (batch) number: M01734-5
system origin: Canada-EASy
source film number: 1018161
reference number: P 123

"Canada, Marriages, 1661-1949," index, FamilySearch ( pal:/ MM9.1.1/ F2KL-5X5 : accessed 04 Jan 2013), Jan Barette and Janne Bitouset, 24 Nov 1661; citing reference P 123, FHL microfilm 1018161.

Added: 1/3/2013 1:59:52 PM  
Updated: 12/17/2014 9:49:43 AM

flag Pierre Baret (Barette) (Barrette) (b.18 September 1662, Château-Richer, Canada, New France   d. 2 July 1734, Sainte-Anne-de-Beaupré, Canada, New France )

flag Jean Baret (Barette) (Barrette) (b.28 September 1666, Château-Richer, Canada, New France   d. 27 October 1689, Château-Richer, Canada, New France )

flag Jeanne Baret (Barette) (Barrette) (b.16 September 1668, Château-Richer, Canada, New France   d. 16 November 1745, Château-Richer, Canada, New France )

flag Anne Baret (Barette) (Barrette) (b.17 October 1670, Sainte-Anne-de-Beaupré, Canada, New France   d. 08 November 1670, Sainte-Anne-de-Beaupré, Canada, New France )

flag Marie Baret (Barette) (Barrette) (b.07 April 1672, Sainte-Anne-de-Beaupré, Canada, New France   d. 26 April 1738, Saint-François-de-l'Île-d'Orléans, Canada, New France)

flag François Baret (Barette) (Barrette) (b.15 April 1676, Sainte-Anne-de-Beaupré, Canada, New France   d. 16 April 1717, Sainte-Anne-de-Beaupré, Canada, New France )

Fille a Marier

"When the Company of 100 Associates began their settlement scheme, their plan of recruiting only families proved to be too costly, so instead they signed on single men; tradesman and labourers; who would be indentured for three years. However, this meant that more than 80% of the colonists were men, so even if they decided to stay at the end of their term, there was little hope of them starting a family, unless they chose a Canadian girl. But, since her family would never allow her, or her children, to leave their village; the company directors needed to avoid this from happening.

So instead, they began recruiting "marriagable young girls", who would first sign a contract in France and then be given passage and a small dowry to become the wife of a Quebec settler. You might wonder why these young girls (many under 16), would risk the dangers and hardships, which by now most of France were well aware of; but believe it or not; for many it was the best option.

At the time, marriages were arranged, so if the girl's family did not have the means to provide a sutable dowry, her only option was to become a nun, if she was Catholic; or marry beneath her station. In the case of the young Filles a Marier, though a marriage contract must be signed before departure, she had every right to refuse the union, once she met her husband-to-be. As a matter of fact, many of them did just that, and were provided safe passage home." (
Added: 1/6/2015 9:30:42 AM - Beckie  Updated: -

1653 Marriage / Partner
Jeanne Bitouset (Bitouzet) and Louis Guimond 11 February 1653, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)

1653 Birth of Child
Jacques Guimond was born 26 September 1653, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)

1654 Birth of Child
Joseph Guimond was born 19 October 1654, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)

1658 Birth of Child
Louise Guimond was born 26 August 1658, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)

1661 Marriage / Partner
Jeanne Bitouset (Bitouzet) and Jean Baret (Barette) (Barrette) 24 November 1661, Château-Richer, Québec, Canada (La Visitation-de-Notre-Dame de Chateau-Richer)

1661 Death of Spouse/Partner
Louis Guimond died 8 June 1661, Sainte-Anne-de-Beaupré, Québec, Canada (Beaupre)

1662 Birth of Child
Pierre Baret (Barette) (Barrette) was born 18 September 1662, Château-Richer, Québec, Canada (La Visitation-de-Notre-Dame de Chateau-Richer)

1666 Birth of Child
Jean Baret (Barette) (Barrette) was born 28 September 1666, Château-Richer, Québec, Canada (La Visitation-de-Notre-Dame de Chateau-Richer)

1668 Birth of Child
Jeanne Baret (Barette) (Barrette) was born 16 September 1668, Château-Richer, Québec, Canada (La Visitation-de-Notre-Dame de Chateau-Richer)

1670 Birth of Child
Anne Baret (Barette) (Barrette) was born 17 October 1670, Sainte-Anne-de-Beaupré, Québec, Canada (Beaupre)

1672 Birth of Child
Marie Baret (Barette) (Barrette) was born 07 April 1672, Sainte-Anne-de-Beaupré, Québec, Canada (Beaupre)

1676 Birth of Child
François Baret (Barette) (Barrette) was born 15 April 1676, Sainte-Anne-de-Beaupré, Québec, Canada (Beaupre)

1689 Death of Child
Jean Baret (Barette) (Barrette) died 27 October 1689, Château-Richer, Québec, Canada (La Visitation-de-Notre-Dame de Chateau-Richer)

10 February 1706
Sainte-Anne-de-Beaupré, Québec, Canada (Beaupre)

Name: Jeanne Bitouset
Gender: Female
Burial Date: 11 Feb 1707
Burial Place: St. Anne De Beaupre, Montmorency I, Quebec
Death Date: 10 Feb 1707
Death Place: Ste. Anne De Beaupre, Montmorency I, Quebec
Birth Date:
Race: White
Marital Status: Divorced
Spouse's Name: Jean Barette
Father's Name:
Father's Birthplace:
Mother's Name:
Mother's Birthplace:
Indexing Project (Batch) Number: B02505-8
System Origin: Canada-EASy
GS Film number: 1018040
Reference ID: P-4

"Canada Deaths and Burials, 1664-1955," database, FamilySearch ( : accessed 6 July 2015), Jeanne Bitouset, 10 Feb 1707; citing Cemetery, Ste. Anne De Beaupre, Montmorency I, Quebec, reference P-4; FHL microfilm 1,018,040.

Added: 1/3/2013 1:58:39 PM

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