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Did You Know?Quebec - Did you know? Tobacco was used freely in New France. Nearly every farmer planted tobacco near his home. Men and boys around age 12 or above often smoked pipes. The women were smokers, too, but more commonly they used tobacco in the form of snuff.

Source: Daily Life in New France ( french/ daily_life_in_new_france.htm)

Over time, Quebec has gone through a series of name changes.

From its inception in the early 1600s until 1760, it was called Canada, New France
1760 to 1763, it was simply Canada
1763 to 1791 - Province of Quebec
1791 to 1867 - Lower Canada
1867 to present - Quebec, Canada

Thanks to Micheline MacDonald for providing this information.

Marthe Bourgouin - Title	Dictionnaire généalogique des familles canadiennes depuis la fondation de la colonie
Marthe Bourgouin

Title Dictionnaire généalogique des familles canadiennes depuis la fondation de la colonie
Dictionnaire généalogique des familles canadiennes depuis la fondation de la colonie, Cyprien Tanguay
Author Cyprien Tanguay
Published 1871
Original from Oxford University
Digitized Jun 9, 2006 

Paris, France -
Paris, France


Paris, France - Paris - Les Grands Boulevards (1900)
Paris, France
Paris - Les Grands Boulevards (1900)

Paris, France -
Paris, France


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immigrant Fille a Marier France  Marthe  Bourgouin

  (b. 1638Paris, France   d. 19 December 1682Saint-Laurent-de-l'Île-d'Orléans, Canada, New France )  

Marthe Bourgouin was born 1638 in Paris, France. Marthe Bourgouin was the child of

Marthe was a Fille à Marier, arriving in New France by 1662.

She married  Nicolas Godbout 9 January 1662 in Québec, Canada, New France .  The couple had (at least) 5 children. Nicolas Godbout  was born 18 May 1635 in , France .  He died 5 September 1674 in Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City) . 

She married  (2) Antoine Marcereau 11 June 1675 in Sainte-Famille-de-l'île-d'Orléans, Canada, New France .  Antoine Marcereau  was born abt. 1645 in , France .  He died 25 July 1702 in Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City) . 

Marthe Bourgouin died 19 December 1682 in Saint-Laurent-de-l'Île-d'Orléans, Canada, New France.

Pedigree Chart Pedigree Chart Family Group Record Family Group Record Invention Inventions

Marriage / Partner(s) and Child(ren)

Marthe Bourgouin married immigrant France Nicolas Godbout-- Date: 9 January 1662 Place: Québec, Canada, New France Quebec Vital and Church Records (Drouin Collection) [database on-line]. Original data: Gabriel Drouin, comp. Drouin Collection. Montreal, Quebec, Canada: Institut Généalogique Drouin. 

Notre-Dame-de-Quebec, Quebec, Canada
Updated: 1/4/2015 9:09:42 AM

Canada/New France Marie-Anne-Madeleine Godeboust (b.9 June 1663, Québec, Canada, New France   d. 21 June 1668, Québec, Canada, New France )

Canada/New France Marie-Jeanne Godeboust (b.11 August 1665 , Québec, Canada, New France   d. 7 July 1732, Saint-Laurent-de-l'Île-d'Orléans, Canada, New France)

Canada/New France Nicolas Godbout (b.14 October 1667, Québec, Canada, New France   d. 17 October 1719, Québec, Canada, New France )

Canada/New France Antoine Godbout (b.16 November 1669 , Québec, Canada, New France   d. 23 April 1742, Saint-Laurent-de-l'Île-d'Orléans, Canada, New France)

Canada/New France Joseph Godbout (b.29 June 1672, Sainte-Famille-de-l'île-d'Orléans, Canada, New France  d. 16 June 1745, Saint-Laurent-de-l'Île-d'Orléans, Canada, New France)

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Fille a Marier

"When the Company of 100 Associates began their settlement scheme, their plan of recruiting only families proved to be too costly, so instead they signed on single men; tradesman and labourers; who would be indentured for three years. However, this meant that more than 80% of the colonists were men, so even if they decided to stay at the end of their term, there was little hope of them starting a family, unless they chose a Canadian girl. But, since her family would never allow her, or her children, to leave their village; the company directors needed to avoid this from happening.

So instead, they began recruiting "marriagable young girls", who would first sign a contract in France and then be given passage and a small dowry to become the wife of a Quebec settler. You might wonder why these young girls (many under 16), would risk the dangers and hardships, which by now most of France were well aware of; but believe it or not; for many it was the best option.

At the time, marriages were arranged, so if the girl's family did not have the means to provide a sutable dowry, her only option was to become a nun, if she was Catholic; or marry beneath her station. In the case of the young Filles a Marier, though a marriage contract must be signed before departure, she had every right to refuse the union, once she met her husband-to-be. As a matter of fact, many of them did just that, and were provided safe passage home." (
Added: 9/15/2010 10:29:29 AM - Beckie  Updated: 9/15/2010 10:29:43 AM - Beckie

Marthe Bourgoin
"Marie-Marthe Bourgoin was born about 1640 in St. Louis, Notre Dame Parish, Paris, Ile De France, France the daughter of Jean Bourgoin and Marie Lefebvre. She arrived in the Quebec Colony as a Filles A Marier, contracted to be the bride of Nicolas Godbout. They were married January 9, 1662 in...Read MORE...

France 1643 - King Louis XIII dies, Louis XIV assumes French throne

France 1659 - France and Spain sign the Treaty of the Pyrenees.

1662 Marriage / Partner
Marthe Bourgouin and Nicolas Godbout 9 January 1662, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)

Canada 1663 - Québec becomes a royal province. The first Filles du roi (Kings Daughters) arrive in New France during the summer
In 1663, the King Louis XIV took over direct control of the government of New France, making it a Crown colony with Québec becoming a Royal Province. Royal governors and other officials replaced...Read MORE...

1663 Birth of Child
Marie-Anne-Madeleine Godeboust was born 9 June 1663, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)

1665 Birth of Child
Marie-Jeanne Godeboust was born 11 August 1665 , Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)

1666 Isle d'Orleans
Nicolas godeboust - 32 pilotte, habittant

Marie Marthe Bourgouin - 28 sa femme

Anne Magdelaine godeboust - 3 fille

Marie Jeanne godeboust - 6 mois fille

Et guillaume ferté - 22 engaigé domestique
The first census of New France (1666)
Added: - Beckie  Updated: -

Canada 1666 - The Carignan-Salières regiment destroys five Mohawk villages, eventually leading to peace between the Iroquois and the French. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1667 - The result of Canada's first census is 3215 non-native inhabitants. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1667 Birth of Child
Nicolas Godbout was born 14 October 1667, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)

Canada 1667 - Filles Du Roi Arrive
October 27: One hundred and nine (109) young ladies (Filles du Roi) arrived in Quebec from Dieppe and La Rochelle; 84 from Dieppe, 25 from La Rochelle. Only 15-20 were from good families, several...Read MORE...

Canada 1668 - The Carignan-Salières regiment is recalled to France, but several hundred choose to remain behind, many in return for local seigneuries. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1668 Death of Child
Marie-Anne-Madeleine Godeboust died 21 June 1668, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)

1669 Birth of Child
Antoine Godbout was born 16 November 1669 , Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)

Canada 1670 - The Hudson's Bay Company is founded by royal charter and, underwritten by a group of English merchants, is granted trade rights over Rupert's Land -- i.e., all territory draining into Hudson Bay (May 2). about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1672 - Comte de Frontenac becomes governor general of New France, later quarrelling frequently with the intendant and the bishop. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1672 Birth of Child
Joseph Godbout was born 29 June 1672, Sainte-Famille-de-l'île-d'Orléans, Québec, Canada

Canada 1673 - Final Group of Filles du Roi Arrive
September: The last shipment of Filles du Roi arrived Quebec from France, and the program ended. The population of New France had risen to 6,700 people, an increase of 168% in the eleven years...Read MORE...

Canada 1673 - Frontenac sends Marquette and Jolliet to explore the Missippi. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1674 - Laval becomes the first bishop of Québec. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1674 Death of Spouse/Partner
Nicolas Godbout died 5 September 1674, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)

1675 Marriage / Partner
Marthe Bourgouin and Antoine Marcereau 11 June 1675, Sainte-Famille-de-l'île-d'Orléans, Québec, Canada

19 December 1682
Saint-Laurent-de-l'Île-d'Orléans, Québec, Canada


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