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Did You Know?Quebec - Did you know? In the typical habitant dwelling-house, often reached by a ladder, was a loft or attic running the full area of the house, but so low that one could touch, the rafters everywhere. Here the children, often a dozen or more of them, were stowed away at night on mattresses of straw or feathers laid along the floor. As the windows were securely fastened, even in the coldest weather this attic was warm.

Source: Daily Life in New France ( french/ daily_life_in_new_france.htm)

Over time, Quebec has gone through a series of name changes.

From its inception in the early 1600s until 1760, it was called Canada, New France
1760 to 1763, it was simply Canada
1763 to 1791 - Province of Quebec
1791 to 1867 - Lower Canada
1867 to present - Quebec, Canada

Thanks to Micheline MacDonald for providing this information.

La Rochelle, Charente-Maritime, Poitou-Charentes, France -
La Rochelle, Charente-Maritime, Poitou-Charentes, France


La Rochelle, Charente-Maritime, Poitou-Charentes, France -
La Rochelle, Charente-Maritime, Poitou-Charentes, France


La Rochelle, Charente-Maritime, Poitou-Charentes, France -
La Rochelle, Charente-Maritime, Poitou-Charentes, France


La Rochelle, Charente-Maritime, Poitou-Charentes, France - La Rochelle - Le Port et les Yachts
La Rochelle, Charente-Maritime, Poitou-Charentes, France
La Rochelle - Le Port et les Yachts

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immigrant Fille a Marier flag  Marie-Michelle  Dutost (Dutaut) (Duteau)

  (b. 21 August 1639La Rochelle, Charente-Maritime, Poitou-Charentes, France   d. 30 November 1675Lotbinière, Canada, New France )  

Marie-Michelle Dutost (Dutaut) (Duteau) was born 21 August 1639 in La Rochelle, Charente-Maritime, Poitou-Charentes, France. Marie-Michelle Dutost (Dutaut) (Duteau) was the child of Pierre Duteau and Jeanne Perrin

Marie-Michelle was a Fille à Marier, arriving in New France by 1659.

She married  Michel Lemay dit Le Poudrier 15 June 1659 in Trois-Rivières, Canada, New France .  The couple had (at least) 9 children. Michel Lemay dit Le Poudrier  was born 13 March 1631 in , France .  He died 5 November 1684 in Lotbinière, Québec, Canada (Saint-Louis) . 

Marie-Michelle Dutost (Dutaut) (Duteau) died 30 November 1675 in Lotbinière, Canada, New France .

Pedigree Chart Pedigree Chart Family Group Record Family Group Record Invention Inventions

daughter of Pierre Duteau and Jeanne Perrin

Marriage / Partner(s) and Child(ren)

Marie-Michelle Dutost (Dutaut) (Duteau) married immigrant flag Michel Lemay dit Le Poudrier-- Date: 15 June 1659 Place: Trois-Rivières, Canada, New France Quebec Vital and Church Records (Drouin Collection) [database on-line]. Original data: Gabriel Drouin, comp. Drouin Collection. Montreal, Quebec, Canada: Institut Généalogique Drouin. 

Marriage found at Immaculee Conception, Trois Rivieres in Drouin Collection

Michel Lemay and Marie Dutost
He is the son of Francisci Le May and Marial Gaschet

She is the daughter of Petre Dutost and Joannae Peirin

Les Vieilles Familles D'Yamachiche, Vingt-Trois Genealogies, F. L. Desaulniers, Montreal, 1908
Updated: 12/16/2014 10:03:53 AM

flag Michel Lemay (b.abt. March 1660, Trois-Rivières, Canada, New France   d. 2 July 1712, Neuville, Portneuf, Canada, New France )

flag Joseph Lemay dit Delorme (b.abt. 1661, Trois-Rivières, Canada, New France   d. 12 August 1707, Montréal, Canada, New France )

flag Marie-Madeleine LeMay (b.abt. 1663, Trois-Rivières, Canada, New France   d. , )

flag Ignace LeMay (b.24 November 1665 , Trois-Rivières, Canada, New France   d. 12 March 1727, Lotbinière, Canada, New France )

flag Marie-Jeanne LeMay (b.abt. 1666, Trois-Rivières, Canada, New France   d. 24 May 1741, Sainte-Croix, Lotbinière, Canada, New France)

flag Charles LeMay (b.abt. 1669, Trois-Rivières, Canada, New France   d. 14 September 1733, Sainte-Croix, Lotbinière, Canada, New France)

flag Jean-Baptiste Lemay dit Larondiere (b.1670, , Québec Province, Canada   d. 17 December 1731, Saint-Nicolas, Lévis, Canada, New France )

flag Pierre LeMay (b.abt. 1671, Batiscan, Canada, New France   d. ,  )

flag Marie-Madeleine LeMay (b.abt. 1672, Batiscan, Canada, New France   d. 8 December 1742, Saint-Antoine-de-Tilly, Canada, New France)

Fille a Marier

"When the Company of 100 Associates began their settlement scheme, their plan of recruiting only families proved to be too costly, so instead they signed on single men; tradesman and labourers; who would be indentured for three years. However, this meant that more than 80% of the colonists were men, so even if they decided to stay at the end of their term, there was little hope of them starting a family, unless they chose a Canadian girl. But, since her family would never allow her, or her children, to leave their village; the company directors needed to avoid this from happening.

So instead, they began recruiting "marriagable young girls", who would first sign a contract in France and then be given passage and a small dowry to become the wife of a Quebec settler. You might wonder why these young girls (many under 16), would risk the dangers and hardships, which by now most of France were well aware of; but believe it or not; for many it was the best option.

At the time, marriages were arranged, so if the girl's family did not have the means to provide a sutable dowry, her only option was to become a nun, if she was Catholic; or marry beneath her station. In the case of the young Filles a Marier, though a marriage contract must be signed before departure, she had every right to refuse the union, once she met her husband-to-be. As a matter of fact, many of them did just that, and were provided safe passage home." (
Added: 1/7/2015 6:09:57 PM - Beckie  Updated: -

1659 Marriage / Partner
Marie-Michelle Dutost (Dutaut) (Duteau) and Michel Lemay dit Le Poudrier 15 June 1659, Trois-Rivières, Québec, Canada

1665 Birth of Child
Ignace LeMay was born 24 November 1665 , Trois-Rivières, Québec, Canada

1666 Les Trois Rivieres
Michel lemey - 36 habitant

Marie dutost - 26 sa femme

Charles lemey - 6 fils

Joseph lemey - 5 fils

Marie lemey - 4 fille

Ignace lemey - 1 fils

Jacques dutost - 23 frere de lad. dutost

Et pierre - .20 domestique
The first census of New France (1666)
Added: - Beckie  Updated: -

"Marie Dutaut died around 1675. The exact date of her disappearance is not known and the only way we can approximate the period is through the inventory of her effects on 30 November 1675."

Thomas J. Laforest
Our French-Canadian Ancestors : Volume II, Page 144
Added: 3/18/2010 7:05:44 PM - Beckie  Updated: 3/18/2010 7:05:44 PM -


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