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Did You Know?Quebec - Did you know? In the typical habitant dwelling-house, often reached by a ladder, was a loft or attic running the full area of the house, but so low that one could touch, the rafters everywhere. Here the children, often a dozen or more of them, were stowed away at night on mattresses of straw or feathers laid along the floor. As the windows were securely fastened, even in the coldest weather this attic was warm.

Source: Daily Life in New France ( french/ daily_life_in_new_france.htm)

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Research Marguerite

immigrant Fille a Marier France  Marguerite  Gaulin

  (b. 14 May 1627, France   d. 15 January 1703Beauport, Québec, Québec, Canada* )  

Marguerite Gaulin was born 14 May 1627 in , France. Marguerite Gaulin was the child of

Marguerite was a Fille à Marier, arriving in New France by 1654.

She married  Jean Crêste (Crête) 13 September 1654 in Beauport, Québec, Québec, Canada* (La-Nativité-de-Notre-Dame-de-Beauport) .  The couple had (at least) 7 children. Jean Crêste (Crête)  was born 8 November 1626 in , France .  He died 04 March 1717 in Beauport, Québec, Québec, Canada* . 

Marguerite Gaulin died 15 January 1703 in Beauport, Québec, Québec, Canada* .

Pedigree Chart Pedigree Chart Family Group Record Family Group Record Invention Inventions

daughter of Vincent Gaulin and Marie Bonnemer

Marriage / Partner(s) and Child(ren)

Marguerite Gaulin married immigrant France Jean Crêste (Crête)-- Date: 13 September 1654  Place: Beauport, Québec, Québec, Canada* (La-Nativité-de-Notre-Dame-de-Beauport)

Added: 6/3/2010 9:16:47 PM  
Updated: 2/23/2017 9:28:53 AM

Canada/New France Louis Crêste (Crête) (b.6 May 1656, Québec, Québec, Canada   d. 21 August 1685, Saint-Laurent-de-l'Île-d'Orléans, Québec, Canada)

Canada/New France Marie-Josèphte Crêste (Crête) (b.October 6, 1657, Québec, Québec, Canada   d. 09 November 1722 , Québec, Québec, Canada )

Canada/New France Marguerite Crêste (Crête) (b.27 March 1659, Québec, Québec, Canada   d. , )

Canada/New France Françoise Crêste (Crête) (b.20 July 1660, Québec, Québec, Canada   d. 29 November 1702, Québec, Québec, Canada )

Canada/New France Marguerite Crêste (Crête) (b.30 March 1663, Beauport, Québec, Québec, Canada*   d. 12 October 1734, Batiscan, Québec, Canada )

Canada/New France Marie Crêste (Crête) (b.16 February 1668, Beauport, Québec, Québec, Canada*   d. November 1724, , Québec Province, Canada )

Canada/New France Pierre Crêste (Crête) (b.19 August 1671, Beauport, Québec, Québec, Canada*   d. 15 November 1719, Beauport, Québec, Québec, Canada* )

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14 May 1627
, France

Fille a Marier

Filles a Marier 1634-1662

"When the Company of 100 Associates began their settlement scheme, their plan of recruiting only families proved to be too costly, so instead they signed on single men; tradesman and labourers; who would be indentured for three years. However, this meant that more than 80% of the colonists were men, so even if they decided to stay at the end of their term, there was little hope of them starting a family, unless they chose a Canadian girl. But, since her family would never allow her, or her children, to leave their village; the company directors needed to avoid this from happening.

So instead, they began recruiting "marriagable young girls", who would first sign a contract in France and then be given passage and a small dowry to become the wife of a Quebec settler. You might wonder why these young girls (many under 16), would risk the dangers and hardships, which by now most of France were well aware of; but believe it or not; for many it was the best option.

At the time, marriages were arranged, so if the girl's family did not have the means to provide a sutable dowry, her only option was to become a nun, if she was Catholic; or marry beneath her station. In the case of the young Filles a Marier, though a marriage contract must be signed before departure, she had every right to refuse the union, once she met her husband-to-be. As a matter of fact, many of them did just that, and were provided safe passage home."
Added: 9/15/2010 11:12:00 AM - Beckie  Updated: 9/15/2010 11:12:09 AM - Beckie

France 1635 - France enters Thirty Years War as an active combatant. Franco-Spanish War begins.

France 1638 - King Louis XIV born in France
History of France : Highlights from Louis XIV to Napoleon

Thunderworks ( -

France 1643 - King Louis XIII dies, Louis XIV assumes French throne

1654 Marriage / Partner
Marguerite Gaulin and Jean Crêste (Crête) 13 September 1654 , Beauport, Québec, Québec, Canada* (La-Nativité-de-Notre-Dame-de-Beauport)

1656 Birth of Child
Louis Crêste (Crête) was born 6 May 1656, Québec, Québec, Canada

1657 Birth of Child
Marie-Josèphte Crêste (Crête) was born October 6, 1657, Québec, Québec, Canada

Canada 1659 - François de Laval arrives in Québec as vicar general of the pope (June). about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1659 Birth of Child
Marguerite Crêste (Crête) was born 27 March 1659, Québec, Québec, Canada

Canada 1660 - Adam Dollard des Ormeaux and about sixty others withstand an attack by over 500 Iroquois at Long Sault (May). It is traditionally said that the small party fights so well that the Iroquois decide not to attack Montréal. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1660 Birth of Child
Françoise Crêste (Crête) was born 20 July 1660, Québec, Québec, Canada

Canada 1663 - Québec becomes a royal province. The first Filles du roi (Kings Daughters) arrive in New France during the summer
In 1663, the King Louis XIV took over direct control of the government of New France, making it a Crown colony with Québec becoming a Royal Province. Royal governors and other officials replaced...Read MORE...

1663 Birth of Child
Marguerite Crêste (Crête) was born 30 March 1663, Beauport, Québec, Québec, Canada*

Canada 1666 - The Carignan-Salières regiment destroys five Mohawk villages, eventually leading to peace between the Iroquois and the French. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1667 - The result of Canada's first census is 3215 non-native inhabitants. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1667 - Filles Du Roi Arrive
October 27: One hundred and nine (109) young ladies (Filles du Roi) arrived in Quebec from Dieppe and La Rochelle; 84 from Dieppe, 25 from La Rochelle. Only 15-20 were from good families, several...Read MORE...

Canada 1668 - The Carignan-Salières regiment is recalled to France, but several hundred choose to remain behind, many in return for local seigneuries. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1668 Birth of Child
Marie Crêste (Crête) was born 16 February 1668, Beauport, Québec, Québec, Canada*

Canada 1670 - The Hudson's Bay Company is founded by royal charter and, underwritten by a group of English merchants, is granted trade rights over Rupert's Land -- i.e., all territory draining into Hudson Bay (May 2). about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1671 Birth of Child
Pierre Crêste (Crête) was born 19 August 1671, Beauport, Québec, Québec, Canada*

Canada 1672 - Comte de Frontenac becomes governor general of New France, later quarrelling frequently with the intendant and the bishop. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1673 - Final Group of Filles du Roi Arrive
September: The last shipment of Filles du Roi arrived Quebec from France, and the program ended. The population of New France had risen to 6,700 people, an increase of 168% in the eleven years...Read MORE...

Canada 1673 - Frontenac sends Marquette and Jolliet to explore the Missippi. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1674 - Laval becomes the first bishop of Québec. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1685 Death of Child
Louis Crêste (Crête) died 21 August 1685, Saint-Laurent-de-l'Île-d'Orléans, Québec, Canada

Canada 1686 - De Troyes and D'Iberville capture three English posts on James Bay (June-July). about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1689 - Attacked by Iroquois - Lachine Massacre
On the night of August 4-5, 1689, nearly 1,500 Iroquois warriors crossed the St. Lawrence at Lake St. Louis, its widest point in the Montreal area. On the opposite shore, the inhabitants of the...Read MORE...

Canada 1690 - Port Royal is captured by British forces led by Phipps. acadtime.htm -

Canada 1690 - Frontenac repels Phips' (sent from Massachusetts) attack on Québec (October) about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1701 - 40 First Nation tribes, French Colonial Government signed Great Peace of Montreal
On August 4, 1701, some 40 Aboriginal nations gathered in Montreal. On that day, their representatives dinged the Treaty of Montreal. People in Montreal would remember this ceremony for a long time....Read MORE...

Canada 1702 - Having begun in Europe in 1701, The War of the Spanish Succession spreads to North America (Queen Anne's War) in Acadia and New England. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1702 Death of Child
Françoise Crêste (Crête) died 29 November 1702, Québec, Québec, Canada

15 January 1703
Beauport, Québec, Québec, Canada*

Added: 6/3/2010 9:16:47 PM

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