Quebec - Did you know?The seigneurial system was a form of land settlement modelled on the French feudal system. It began in New France in 1627 with the formation of the Compagnie des Cent-Associés that was initially responsible for handing out land grants and seigneurial rights. The land was divided into 5 by 15 kilometre plots, usually along major rivers like the St. Lawrence. They were then further subdivided into narrow, but long lots for settlement. These lots were usually long enough to be suitable for faming, and they provided everyone who lived on them with equal access to neighbouring farms and the river.
She married Andre Demers dit Dumets
7 January 1654
in Montréal, Québec, Canada (Ville-Marie) (Montreal)
The couple had (at least) 10 children.
Andre Demers dit Dumets
was born 3 February 1627
in Dieppe, France
He died 17 July 1711
in Montréal, Québec, Canada
Marie Chefdeville died 23 November 1708
in Montréal, Québec, Canada .
Marie Chefdeville "Marie Chefdeville was born on June 05, 1631, at Chevausse, Villiers, Sou St. Leu, Poitou, France; the daughter of Jean Chefdeville and Marguerite Jesiovum. She arrived in the Quebec Colony as a Filles A Marier, contracted to be the bride of Andre Demers. They were married January 23, 1653 in...Read MORE...
"When the Company of 100 Associates began their settlement scheme, their plan of recruiting only families proved to be too costly, so instead they signed on single men; tradesman and labourers; who would be indentured for three years. However, this meant that more than 80% of the colonists were men, so even if they decided to stay at the end of their term, there was little hope of them starting a family, unless they chose a Canadian girl. But, since her family would never allow her, or her children, to leave their village; the company directors needed to avoid this from happening.
So instead, they began recruiting "marriagable young girls", who would first sign a contract in France and then be given passage and a small dowry to become the wife of a Quebec settler. You might wonder why these young girls (many under 16), would risk the dangers and hardships, which by now most of France were well aware of; but believe it or not; for many it was the best option.
At the time, marriages were arranged, so if the girl's family did not have the means to provide a sutable dowry, her only option was to become a nun, if she was Catholic; or marry beneath her station. In the case of the young Filles a Marier, though a marriage contract must be signed before departure, she had every right to refuse the union, once she met her husband-to-be. As a matter of fact, many of them did just that, and were provided safe passage home." Added: 9/15/2010 10:37:58 AM - Beckie Updated: 9/15/2010 10:38:09 AM - Beckie
1635 - France enters Thirty Years War as an active combatant. Franco-Spanish War begins.
1638 - King Louis XIV born in France History of France : Highlights from Louis XIV to Napoleon
Thunderworks (www.youtube.com) -
1643 - King Louis XIII dies, Louis XIV assumes French throne
1654 Marriage / Partner Marie Chefdeville and Andre Demers dit Dumets 7 January 1654, Montréal, Québec, Canada (Ville-Marie) (Montreal)
1655 Birth of Child Marie Demers was born 28 October 1655, Montréal, Québec, Canada
1657 Birth of Child Nicolas Demers was born 6 August 1657 , Montréal, Québec, Canada
1659 - François de Laval arrives in Québec as vicar general of the pope (June).
1659 Birth of Child Andre Demers was born 24 October 1659, Montréal, Québec, Canada
1660 - Adam Dollard des Ormeaux and about sixty others withstand an attack by over 500 Iroquois at Long Sault (May). It is traditionally said that the small party fights so well that the Iroquois decide not to attack Montréal.
1667 Birth of Child Charles Demers was born 13 June 1667 , Montréal, Québec, Canada
1667 - Filles Du Roi Arrive October 27: One hundred and nine (109) young ladies (Filles du Roi) arrived in Quebec from Dieppe and La Rochelle; 84 from Dieppe, 25 from La Rochelle. Only 15-20 were from good families, several...Read MORE...
1668 - The Carignan-Salières regiment is recalled to France, but several hundred choose to remain behind, many in return for local seigneuries.
1670 - The Hudson's Bay Company is founded by royal charter and, underwritten by a group of English merchants, is granted trade rights over Rupert's Land -- i.e., all territory draining into Hudson Bay (May 2).
1675 Birth of Child Martine Demers was born 24 September 1675 , Montréal, Québec, Canada
1681 "André Dumets 50 ans, Marie Chedeville sa femme 45 ans, André 22 ans, Michel 18 ans, Charles 14 ans, Marie 12 ans, Robert 10 ans, Paul 8 ans, Martine 6 ans, 2 fusils et 20 arpents en valeur." 1681 Montreal Census Added: - Beckie Updated: -
1686 - De Troyes and D'Iberville capture three English posts on James Bay (June-July).
1687 Death of Child Marie Demers died 24 April 1687, Montréal, Québec, Canada
1687 Death of Child Michel Demers died 15 October 1687 , Montréal, Québec, Canada
1688 July 6, 1688 - Petition of Andre Demers and of Marie Chefdeville, his wife, relative to a lot of land at Ste Marie and also to call a family council to name a tutor and subrogate tutor to Catherine Demers, a minor, and a curator ad hoc to the widow Jette.
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