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Did You Know?Quebec - Did you know? Tobacco was used freely in New France. Nearly every farmer planted tobacco near his home. Men and boys around age 12 or above often smoked pipes. The women were smokers, too, but more commonly they used tobacco in the form of snuff.

Source: Daily Life in New France ( french/ daily_life_in_new_france.htm)

Over time, Quebec has gone through a series of name changes.

From its inception in the early 1600s until 1760, it was called Canada, New France
1760 to 1763, it was simply Canada
1763 to 1791 - Province of Quebec
1791 to 1867 - Lower Canada
1867 to present - Quebec, Canada

Thanks to Micheline MacDonald for providing this information.

Montréal, Québec, Canada  - Basilique Notre-Dame-de-Montréal
110, rue Notre-Dame Ouest, Montréal, QUÉBEC
Established 1678
Source: Wikipedia
Montréal, Québec, Canada
Basilique Notre-Dame-de-Montréal
110, rue Notre-Dame Ouest, Montréal, QUÉBEC
Established 1678
Source: Wikipedia

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immigrant Fille a Marier France  Marie  Chefdeville

  (b. 5 June 1631, France   d. 23 November 1708Montréal, Canada, New France )  

Marie Chefdeville was born 5 June 1631 in , France. Marie Chefdeville was the child of

Marie was a Fille à Marier, arriving in New France by 1654.

She married  Andre Demers dit Dumets 7 January 1654 in Montréal, Canada, New France .  The couple had (at least) 10 children. Andre Demers dit Dumets  was born 3 February 1627 in Dieppe, France .  He died 17 July 1711 in Montréal, Québec, Canada . 

Marie Chefdeville died 23 November 1708 in Montréal, Canada, New France .

Pedigree Chart Pedigree Chart Family Group Record Family Group Record Invention Inventions

Marriage / Partner(s) and Child(ren)

Marie Chefdeville married immigrant France Andre Demers dit Dumets-- Date: 7 January 1654 Place: Montréal, Canada, New France Quebec Vital and Church Records (Drouin Collection) [database on-line]. Original data: Gabriel Drouin, comp. Drouin Collection. Montreal, Quebec, Canada: Institut Généalogique Drouin. 

Marriage found at Notre-Dame de Montreal, Montreal, Quebec in Drouin Collection

Andre Dumets and Marie Chedeville
Updated: 4/23/2009

Canada/New France Marie Demers (b.28 October 1655, Montréal, Canada, New France   d. 24 April 1687, Montréal, Canada, New France )

Canada/New France Nicolas Demers (b.6 August 1657 , Montréal, Canada, New France   d. , )

Canada/New France Andre Demers (b.24 October 1659, Montréal, Canada, New France   d. 17 January 1707, Montréal, Canada, New France )

Canada/New France Jean-Baptiste Demers (b.31 August 1661 , Montréal, Canada, New France   d. 25 October 1690, Québec, Canada, New France )

Canada/New France Michel Demers (b.3 October 1663 , Montréal, Canada, New France   d. 15 October 1687 , Montréal, Canada, New France )

Canada/New France Barbe Demers (Dumay) (b.8 August 1665, Montréal, Canada, New France   d. 7 September 1699, Pointe-aux-Trembles, Montréal, Canada, New France* )

Canada/New France Charles Demers (b.13 June 1667 , Montréal, Canada, New France   d. 21 January 1749, Montréal, Canada, New France )

Canada/New France Marie Demers (b.abt. 1669, , Québec Province, Canada   d. 20 January 1741, Longueuil, Canada, New France )

Canada/New France Robert Demers (b.11 January 1671, Boucherville, Canada, New France   d. 23 May 1741, Montréal, Canada, New France )

Canada/New France Martine Demers (b.24 September 1675 , Montréal, Canada, New France   d. 09 June 1755, Pointe-aux-Trembles, Montréal, Canada, New France* )

Lifetime Events

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Marie Chefdeville
"Marie Chefdeville was born on June 05, 1631, at Chevausse, Villiers, Sou St. Leu, Poitou, France; the daughter of Jean Chefdeville and Marguerite Jesiovum. She arrived in the Quebec Colony as a Filles A Marier, contracted to be the bride of Andre Demers. They were married January 23, 1653 in...Read MORE...

Fille a Marier

"When the Company of 100 Associates began their settlement scheme, their plan of recruiting only families proved to be too costly, so instead they signed on single men; tradesman and labourers; who would be indentured for three years. However, this meant that more than 80% of the colonists were men, so even if they decided to stay at the end of their term, there was little hope of them starting a family, unless they chose a Canadian girl. But, since her family would never allow her, or her children, to leave their village; the company directors needed to avoid this from happening.

So instead, they began recruiting "marriagable young girls", who would first sign a contract in France and then be given passage and a small dowry to become the wife of a Quebec settler. You might wonder why these young girls (many under 16), would risk the dangers and hardships, which by now most of France were well aware of; but believe it or not; for many it was the best option.

At the time, marriages were arranged, so if the girl's family did not have the means to provide a sutable dowry, her only option was to become a nun, if she was Catholic; or marry beneath her station. In the case of the young Filles a Marier, though a marriage contract must be signed before departure, she had every right to refuse the union, once she met her husband-to-be. As a matter of fact, many of them did just that, and were provided safe passage home." (
Added: 9/15/2010 10:37:58 AM - Beckie  Updated: 9/15/2010 10:38:09 AM - Beckie

France 1635 - France enters Thirty Years War as an active combatant. Franco-Spanish War begins.

France 1638 - King Louis XIV born in France
History of France : Highlights from Louis XIV to Napoleon

Thunderworks ( -

France 1643 - King Louis XIII dies, Louis XIV assumes French throne

1654 Marriage / Partner
Marie Chefdeville and Andre Demers dit Dumets 7 January 1654, Montréal, Québec, Canada

1655 Birth of Child
Marie Demers was born 28 October 1655, Montréal, Québec, Canada

1657 Birth of Child
Nicolas Demers was born 6 August 1657 , Montréal, Québec, Canada

Canada 1659 - François de Laval arrives in Québec as vicar general of the pope (June). about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1659 Birth of Child
Andre Demers was born 24 October 1659, Montréal, Québec, Canada

Canada 1660 - Adam Dollard des Ormeaux and about sixty others withstand an attack by over 500 Iroquois at Long Sault (May). It is traditionally said that the small party fights so well that the Iroquois decide not to attack Montréal. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1661 Birth of Child
Jean-Baptiste Demers was born 31 August 1661 , Montréal, Québec, Canada

Canada 1663 - Québec becomes a royal province. The first Filles du roi (Kings Daughters) arrive in New France during the summer
In 1663, the King Louis XIV took over direct control of the government of New France, making it a Crown colony with Québec becoming a Royal Province. Royal governors and other officials replaced...Read MORE...

1663 Birth of Child
Michel Demers was born 3 October 1663 , Montréal, Québec, Canada

1665 Birth of Child
Barbe Demers (Dumay) was born 8 August 1665, Montréal, Québec, Canada

1666 Montreal
André demay - 35 habitant

Marie chef deville - 30 sa femme

Marie demay - 10 fille

Nicolas demay - 9 fils

André demay - 5 fils

Jean baptiste demay - 3 fils

Michel demay - 1 fils

Et Barbe demay - 6 mois fille

Pierre gadois laisné - 72 habitant

Louise Moger - 68 sa...

Canada 1666 - The Carignan-Salières regiment destroys five Mohawk villages, eventually leading to peace between the Iroquois and the French. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1667 - The result of Canada's first census is 3215 non-native inhabitants. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1667 Birth of Child
Charles Demers was born 13 June 1667 , Montréal, Québec, Canada

Canada 1667 - Filles Du Roi Arrive
October 27: One hundred and nine (109) young ladies (Filles du Roi) arrived in Quebec from Dieppe and La Rochelle; 84 from Dieppe, 25 from La Rochelle. Only 15-20 were from good families, several...Read MORE...

Canada 1668 - The Carignan-Salières regiment is recalled to France, but several hundred choose to remain behind, many in return for local seigneuries. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1670 - The Hudson's Bay Company is founded by royal charter and, underwritten by a group of English merchants, is granted trade rights over Rupert's Land -- i.e., all territory draining into Hudson Bay (May 2). about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1671 Birth of Child
Robert Demers was born 11 January 1671, Boucherville, Québec, Canada (Sainte-Famille-de-Boucherville)

Canada 1672 - Comte de Frontenac becomes governor general of New France, later quarrelling frequently with the intendant and the bishop. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1673 - Final Group of Filles du Roi Arrive
September: The last shipment of Filles du Roi arrived Quebec from France, and the program ended. The population of New France had risen to 6,700 people, an increase of 168% in the eleven years...Read MORE...

Canada 1673 - Frontenac sends Marquette and Jolliet to explore the Missippi. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1674 - Laval becomes the first bishop of Québec. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1675 Birth of Child
Martine Demers was born 24 September 1675 , Montréal, Québec, Canada

"André Dumets 50 ans, Marie Chedeville sa femme 45 ans, André 22 ans, Michel 18 ans, Charles 14 ans, Marie 12 ans, Robert 10 ans, Paul 8 ans, Martine 6 ans, 2 fusils et 20 arpents en valeur."
1681 Montreal Census (
Added: - Beckie  Updated: -

Canada 1686 - De Troyes and D'Iberville capture three English posts on James Bay (June-July). about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1687 Death of Child
Marie Demers died 24 April 1687, Montréal, Québec, Canada

1687 Death of Child
Michel Demers died 15 October 1687 , Montréal, Québec, Canada

July 6, 1688 - Petition of Andre Demers and of Marie Chefdeville, his wife, relative to a lot of land at Ste Marie and also to call a family council to name a tutor and subrogate tutor to Catherine Demers, a minor, and a curator ad hoc to the widow Jette.

Title Report
Author Québec (Québec)....

Canada 1689 - Attacked by Iroquois - Lachine Massacre
On the night of August 4-5, 1689, nearly 1,500 Iroquois warriors crossed the St. Lawrence at Lake St. Louis, its widest point in the Montreal area. On the opposite shore, the inhabitants of the...Read MORE...

Canada 1690 - Port Royal is captured by British forces led by Phipps. acadtime.htm -

Canada 1690 - Frontenac repels Phips' (sent from Massachusetts) attack on Québec (October) about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1690 Death of Child
Jean-Baptiste Demers died 25 October 1690, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)

1699 Death of Child
Barbe Demers (Dumay) died 7 September 1699, Pointe-aux-Trembles, Montréal, Québec, Canada* (L'Enfant-Jésus-de-la-Pointe-aux-Trembles)

Canada 1701 - 40 First Nation tribes, French Colonial Government signed Great Peace of Montreal
On August 4, 1701, some 40 Aboriginal nations gathered in Montreal. On that day, their representatives dinged the Treaty of Montreal. People in Montreal would remember this ceremony for a long time....Read MORE...

Canada 1702 - Having begun in Europe in 1701, The War of the Spanish Succession spreads to North America (Queen Anne's War) in Acadia and New England. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1707 Death of Child
Andre Demers died 17 January 1707, Montréal, Québec, Canada

1708 Death
Death found at Notre-Dame de Montreal, Montreal, Quebec in Drouin Collection

23 Nov 1708

Marie Chedeville Demers Quebec Vital and Church Records (Drouin Collection) [database on-line]. Original data: Gabriel Drouin, comp. Drouin Collection. Montreal, Quebec, Canada: Institut Généalogique Drouin.
Added: 4/23/2009 6:02:20 PM - Beckie  Updated: 4/23/2009 - Beckie


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