What is a 'dit/dite' name?
When the first settlers came to Canada from France it was a custom to add a 'dit' nickname to the surname. The English translation of 'dit' is 'said'. The Colonists of Nouvelle France added 'dit' names as distinguishers. A settler might have wanted to differentiate their family from their siblings by taking a 'dit' name that described the locale to which they had relocated.
The acquiring of a 'dit' name might also be the result of a casual adoption, whereby the person wanted to honor the family who had raised them. Another reason was also to distinguish themselves by taking as a 'dit' name the town or village in France from which they originated. This custom ended around 1900 when people began using only one name, either the 'dit' nickname or their original surname.
Source: American-French Genealogical Society, Woonsocket, Rhode Island (www.afgs.org/ditnames/index1.html)
Quebec - Did you know?In the mid 1600s, pro-birth measures were put in place to encourage population growth in New France. Allowances were granted to familes with ten or more children. Bonuses were provided to men who married before age 20 and to women who married before age 16. Free education was promised to the 26th child! (Yes, the 26th child.)
Source: History of Quebec for Dummies by Eric Bedard, published by John Wiley & Sons, Canada, Ltd.
She married Pierre Dandonneau dit Lajeunesse
16 January 1653
in Québec (Quebec) Province, Canada (New France)
The couple had (at least) 13 children.
Pierre Dandonneau dit Lajeunesse
was born 25 October 1624
in La Rochelle, Charente-Maritime, Poitou-Charentes, France
He died 1702
in Champlain, Québec, Canada (Notre-Dame-de-la-Visitation de Champlain)
Marie-Françoise Jobin dite Lajeunesse died 6 July 1702
in Champlain, Québec, Canada (Notre-Dame-de-la-Visitation de Champlain).
"When the Company of 100 Associates began their settlement scheme, their plan of recruiting only families proved to be too costly, so instead they signed on single men; tradesman and labourers; who would be indentured for three years. However, this meant that more than 80% of the colonists were men, so even if they decided to stay at the end of their term, there was little hope of them starting a family, unless they chose a Canadian girl. But, since her family would never allow her, or her children, to leave their village; the company directors needed to avoid this from happening.
So instead, they began recruiting "marriagable young girls", who would first sign a contract in France and then be given passage and a small dowry to become the wife of a Quebec settler. You might wonder why these young girls (many under 16), would risk the dangers and hardships, which by now most of France were well aware of; but believe it or not; for many it was the best option.
At the time, marriages were arranged, so if the girl's family did not have the means to provide a sutable dowry, her only option was to become a nun, if she was Catholic; or marry beneath her station. In the case of the young Filles a Marier, though a marriage contract must be signed before departure, she had every right to refuse the union, once she met her husband-to-be. As a matter of fact, many of them did just that, and were provided safe passage home." Added: 9/15/2010 11:21:27 AM - Beckie Updated: 9/15/2010 11:21:40 AM - Beckie
1635 - France enters Thirty Years War as an active combatant. Franco-Spanish War begins.
1638 - King Louis XIV born in France History of France : Highlights from Louis XIV to Napoleon
Thunderworks (www.youtube.com) -
1643 - King Louis XIII dies, Louis XIV assumes French throne
1653 Marriage / Partner Marie-Françoise Jobin dite Lajeunesse and Pierre Dandonneau dit Lajeunesse 16 January 1653, , Québec (Quebec) Province, Canada (New France)
1654 Birth of Child Louis Dandonneau dit Lesablé was born 9 April 1654 , Trois-Rivières, Québec, Canada (Trois Rivieres) (Three Rivers)
1655 Birth of Child Marie-Jeanne Dandonneau dite Lajeunesse was born 20 July 1655, Trois-Rivières, Québec, Canada (Trois Rivieres) (Three Rivers)
1657 Birth of Child Marguerite Dandonneau dite Lajeunesse was born 10 January 1657, Trois-Rivières, Québec, Canada (Trois Rivieres) (Three Rivers)
1658 Birth of Child Elisabeth Dandonneau was born 12 April 1658, Trois-Rivières, Québec, Canada (Trois Rivieres) (Three Rivers)
1659 - François de Laval arrives in Québec as vicar general of the pope (June).
1659 Birth of Child Marguerite Dandonneau dite Lajeunesse was born 20 June 1659, Trois-Rivières, Québec, Canada (Trois Rivieres) (Three Rivers)
1660 - Adam Dollard des Ormeaux and about sixty others withstand an attack by over 500 Iroquois at Long Sault (May). It is traditionally said that the small party fights so well that the Iroquois decide not to attack Montréal.
1667 - Filles Du Roi Arrive October 27: One hundred and nine (109) young ladies (Filles du Roi) arrived in Quebec from Dieppe and La Rochelle; 84 from Dieppe, 25 from La Rochelle. Only 15-20 were from good families, several...Read MORE...
1668 - The Carignan-Salières regiment is recalled to France, but several hundred choose to remain behind, many in return for local seigneuries.
1670 - The Hudson's Bay Company is founded by royal charter and, underwritten by a group of English merchants, is granted trade rights over Rupert's Land -- i.e., all territory draining into Hudson Bay (May 2).
1677 Birth of Child Françoise-Marguerite Dandonneau was born 29 September 1677, Trois-Rivières, Québec, Canada (Trois Rivieres) (Three Rivers)
1681 Canadian Census Champlain Pierre Dandoneau (dit Lajeunesse, sieur du Sable), 55 Francoise Jobin, sa femme, 48 enfants: Marie, 17 Louise, 15 Jacques, 11 Francoise, 4 domestiques: Pierre Le Jamble, 30 Jacques Dupuy, 31 Marie Benoist, 9
Source: Histoire des Canadiens-Francais 1608-1880 by Benjamin Sulte, Montreal, ...Read MORE...
1686 - De Troyes and D'Iberville capture three English posts on James Bay (June-July).
Death 6 July 1702 Champlain, Québec, Canada (Notre-Dame-de-la-Visitation de Champlain)
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