Quebec - Did you know?A typical French-Canadian building is the farmhouse. It is based on structures in the French provinces of Normandy, Maine, and Anjou, where most of the French settlers in the St Lawrence valley originated. The typical house was made of wood and had low walls, a steep roof, small windows, and few interior divisions. It was adapted to the northern climate by raising the ground floor to accommodate heavy snow accumulation and by adding multiple chimneys and dormers. The farmhouse also came to be characterized by a verandah, extended belcast eaves supported by a row of narrow columns, and a roof covered in sheet metal.
Source: Mutlicultural Canada: Quebec to 1800 (www.multiculturalcanada.ca)
Marthe-Marie Arnus (Arnue) (Arnault)
1695 Title Report Author Québec (Québec). Secretary's Office Published 1891 Original from the New York Public Library Digitized May 9, 2006 Page 294
Marthe-Marie Arnus (Arnue) (Arnault) was born 28 March 1632
in La Rochelle, Charente-Maritime, Poitou-Charentes, France.
Marthe-Marie Arnus (Arnue) (Arnault)
was the child of
Marc Arnus (Arnue) (Arnault) and
She married Pierre Richaume dit Petrus
16 September 1658
in Montréal, Québec, Canada (Ville-Marie) (Montreal)
The couple had (at least) 8 children.
Pierre Richaume dit Petrus
was born abt. 1636
in Saintes, Charente-Maritime, France
He died 5 August 1688
in Repentigny, Québec, Canada
He was the son of Simon Richaume and Catherine Bellier (Belier).
Marthe-Marie Arnus (Arnue) (Arnault) died 26 August 1700
in Montréal, Québec, Canada .
Biography "Marthe Arnault (also seen as Arnu) was born about 1632 and baptized on March 28, 1632 at Ste-Marguerite, La Rochelle, France; the daughter of Marc Arnault and Louise Brodeur. In the days before the state sponsored 'King's Daughters' scheme; seigneurs, churches, merhants; or indeed anyone with a...Read MORE...
"When the Company of 100 Associates began their settlement scheme, their plan of recruiting only families proved to be too costly, so instead they signed on single men; tradesman and labourers; who would be indentured for three years. However, this meant that more than 80% of the colonists were men, so even if they decided to stay at the end of their term, there was little hope of them starting a family, unless they chose a Canadian girl. But, since her family would never allow her, or her children, to leave their village; the company directors needed to avoid this from happening.
So instead, they began recruiting "marriagable young girls", who would first sign a contract in France and then be given passage and a small dowry to become the wife of a Quebec settler. You might wonder why these young girls (many under 16), would risk the dangers and hardships, which by now most of France were well aware of; but believe it or not; for many it was the best option.
At the time, marriages were arranged, so if the girl's family did not have the means to provide a sutable dowry, her only option was to become a nun, if she was Catholic; or marry beneath her station. In the case of the young Filles a Marier, though a marriage contract must be signed before departure, she had every right to refuse the union, once she met her husband-to-be. As a matter of fact, many of them did just that, and were provided safe passage home." Added: 9/15/2010 10:20:29 AM - Beckie Updated: 9/15/2010 10:20:39 AM - Beckie
1635 - France enters Thirty Years War as an active combatant. Franco-Spanish War begins.
1638 - King Louis XIV born in France History of France : Highlights from Louis XIV to Napoleon
Thunderworks (www.youtube.com) -
1643 - King Louis XIII dies, Louis XIV assumes French throne
1658 Marriage / Partner Marthe-Marie Arnus (Arnue) (Arnault) and Pierre Richaume dit Petrus 16 September 1658, Montréal, Québec, Canada (Ville-Marie) (Montreal)
1659 - François de Laval arrives in Québec as vicar general of the pope (June).
1659 Birth of Child Barbe Richaume was born 22 June 1659, Montréal, Québec, Canada
1659 Birth of Child Gabriel Richaume was born 22 June 1659, Montréal, Québec, Canada
1660 - Adam Dollard des Ormeaux and about sixty others withstand an attack by over 500 Iroquois at Long Sault (May). It is traditionally said that the small party fights so well that the Iroquois decide not to attack Montréal.
1667 - Filles Du Roi Arrive October 27: One hundred and nine (109) young ladies (Filles du Roi) arrived in Quebec from Dieppe and La Rochelle; 84 from Dieppe, 25 from La Rochelle. Only 15-20 were from good families, several...Read MORE...
1668 - The Carignan-Salières regiment is recalled to France, but several hundred choose to remain behind, many in return for local seigneuries.
1668 Birth of Child Jeanne Richaume was born 03 December 1668 , Montréal, Québec, Canada
1670 - The Hudson's Bay Company is founded by royal charter and, underwritten by a group of English merchants, is granted trade rights over Rupert's Land -- i.e., all territory draining into Hudson Bay (May 2).
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