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Did You Know?Quebec - Did you know? Women wore shirts and skirts made of linen, cotton and hemp. Men wore knee breeches (pants that tied at the knee) and jerkins (jackets). They also wore wide-brimmed hats and tapabords (with earflaps). To survive the cold winter, the habitant copied some of the Amerindian clothing. He wore mittens and moose leather boots lined with beaver fur and a fur-lined coat (pelise). To walk in the snow, he wore snowshoes and loaded his provisions on a toboggan.

Source: teacherweb.com/ ON/ LakeheadUniversity/ NewFranceWQ/ wqr6.aspx


Over time, Quebec has gone through a series of name changes.

From its inception in the early 1600s until 1760, it was called Canada, New France
1760 to 1763, it was simply Canada
1763 to 1791 - Province of Quebec
1791 to 1867 - Lower Canada
1867 to present - Quebec, Canada

Thanks to Micheline MacDonald for providing this information.


Marthe-Marie Arnus (Arnue) (Arnault) - 1695
Title	Report
Author	Québec (Québec). Secretary's Office
Published	1891
Original from	the Ne
Marthe-Marie Arnus (Arnue) (Arnault)

1695
Title Report
Author Québec (Québec). Secretary's Office
Published 1891
Original from the New York Public Library
Digitized May 9, 2006
Page 294



La Rochelle, Charente-Maritime, Poitou-Charentes, France -
La Rochelle, Charente-Maritime, Poitou-Charentes, France

Postcard 


La Rochelle, Charente-Maritime, Poitou-Charentes, France -
La Rochelle, Charente-Maritime, Poitou-Charentes, France

Postcard 


La Rochelle, Charente-Maritime, Poitou-Charentes, France -
La Rochelle, Charente-Maritime, Poitou-Charentes, France

Postcard 


La Rochelle, Charente-Maritime, Poitou-Charentes, France - La Rochelle - Le Port et les Yachts
La Rochelle, Charente-Maritime, Poitou-Charentes, France
La Rochelle - Le Port et les Yachts
Postcard 


Montréal, Québec, Canada  - Basilique Notre-Dame-de-Montréal
110, rue Notre-Dame Ouest, Montréal, QUÉBEC
Established 1678
Source: Wikipedia
Montréal, Québec, Canada
Basilique Notre-Dame-de-Montréal
110, rue Notre-Dame Ouest, Montréal, QUÉBEC
Established 1678
Source: Wikipedia
Photograph 




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immigrant Fille a Marier flag  Marthe-Marie  Arnus (Arnue) (Arnault)

  (b. 28 March 1632La Rochelle, Charente-Maritime, Poitou-Charentes, France   d. 26 August 1700Montréal, Canada, New France )  

Marthe-Marie Arnus (Arnue) (Arnault) was born 28 March 1632 in La Rochelle, Charente-Maritime, Poitou-Charentes, France. Marthe-Marie Arnus (Arnue) (Arnault) was the child of Marc Arnus (Arnue) (Arnault) and Louise Brodeur

Marthe-Marie was a Fille à Marier, arriving in New France by 1658.

She married  Pierre Richaume dit Petrus 16 September 1658 in Montréal, Canada, New France .  The couple had (at least) 8 children. Pierre Richaume dit Petrus  was born abt. 1636 in Saintes, Charente-Maritime, France .  He died 5 August 1688 in Repentigny, Québec, Canada (La Purification-de-Repentigny) .  He was the son of Simon Richaume and Catherine Bellier (Belier).

Marthe-Marie Arnus (Arnue) (Arnault) died 26 August 1700 in Montréal, Canada, New France .


Pedigree Chart Pedigree Chart Family Group Record Family Group Record Invention Inventions



Baptisted at Ste Marguerite chapel in the parish Notre-Dame-de-Cougnes in La Rochelle, France.
Daughter of March Arnault and Louise Brodeur.

Marriage / Partner(s) and Child(ren)


Marthe-Marie Arnus (Arnue) (Arnault) married immigrant flag Pierre Richaume dit Petrus-- Date: 16 September 1658 Place: Montréal, Canada, New France
Familysearch.org. Quebec Vital and Church Records (Drouin Collection) [database on-line]. Original data: Gabriel Drouin, comp. Drouin Collection. Montreal, Quebec, Canada: Institut Généalogique Drouin. 


Pierre Richaume dit Petrus was the son of Simon Richaume and Catherine Bellier (Belier)


Marriage record found at Notre-Dame de Montreal, Quebec in Drouin Collection

Pierre Richeaume and Marthe Arnue
Updated: 4/23/2009


Children:
flag Barbe Richaume (b.22 June 1659, Montréal, Canada, New France   d. 17 January 1725, Contrecœur, Canada, New France )

flag Gabriel Richaume (b.22 June 1659, Montréal, Canada, New France   d. 24 December 1659, Montréal, Canada, New France )

flag Jacques Richaume dit Petrus (b.19 February 1661 , Montréal, Canada, New France   d. 21 April 1713 , Montréal, Canada, New France )

flag Marie-Madeleine Richaume (b.23 November 1662, Montréal, Canada, New France   d. 10 January 1722, Montréal, Canada, New France )

flag Marie-Marthe Richaume (b.4 March 1665 , Montréal, Canada, New France   d. 29 July 1703, Contrecœur, Canada, New France )

flag Elisabeth Richaume (b.31 August 1666 , Montréal, Canada, New France   d. 04 April 1703, Montréal, Canada, New France )

flag Jeanne Richaume (b.03 December 1668 , Montréal, Canada, New France   d. 06 December 1701, Montréal, Canada, New France )

flag Madeleine Richaume (b.28 March 1672, Montréal, Canada, New France   d. 1 May 1743, Boucherville, Canada, New France )




Biography
"Marthe Arnault (also seen as Arnu) was born about 1632 and baptized on March 28, 1632 at Ste-Marguerite, La Rochelle, France; the daughter of Marc Arnault and Louise Brodeur. In the days before the state sponsored 'King's Daughters' scheme; seigneurs, churches, merhants; or indeed anyone with a...Read MORE...


Fille a Marier

"When the Company of 100 Associates began their settlement scheme, their plan of recruiting only families proved to be too costly, so instead they signed on single men; tradesman and labourers; who would be indentured for three years. However, this meant that more than 80% of the colonists were men, so even if they decided to stay at the end of their term, there was little hope of them starting a family, unless they chose a Canadian girl. But, since her family would never allow her, or her children, to leave their village; the company directors needed to avoid this from happening.

So instead, they began recruiting "marriagable young girls", who would first sign a contract in France and then be given passage and a small dowry to become the wife of a Quebec settler. You might wonder why these young girls (many under 16), would risk the dangers and hardships, which by now most of France were well aware of; but believe it or not; for many it was the best option.

At the time, marriages were arranged, so if the girl's family did not have the means to provide a sutable dowry, her only option was to become a nun, if she was Catholic; or marry beneath her station. In the case of the young Filles a Marier, though a marriage contract must be signed before departure, she had every right to refuse the union, once she met her husband-to-be. As a matter of fact, many of them did just that, and were provided safe passage home." (http://www.thinal.co.cc/weallcamefromsomewhere/Kebec/filles_marier.html)
Added: 9/15/2010 10:20:29 AM - Beckie  Updated: 9/15/2010 10:20:39 AM - Beckie

1658 Marriage / Partner
Marthe-Marie Arnus (Arnue) (Arnault) and Pierre Richaume dit Petrus 16 September 1658, Montréal, Québec, Canada

1659 Birth of Child
Barbe Richaume was born 22 June 1659, Montréal, Québec, Canada

1659 Birth of Child
Gabriel Richaume was born 22 June 1659, Montréal, Québec, Canada

1661 Birth of Child
Jacques Richaume dit Petrus was born 19 February 1661 , Montréal, Québec, Canada

1662 Birth of Child
Marie-Madeleine Richaume was born 23 November 1662, Montréal, Québec, Canada

1665 Birth of Child
Marie-Marthe Richaume was born 4 March 1665 , Montréal, Québec, Canada

1666
Pierre Richomme 30 Habitant

Marthe Arnue 30 Epouse

Barbe Richomme 7 Fille

Jacques Richomme 5 Fils

Marie Magne Richomme 3 Fille

Marie Marthe Richomme ...Read MORE...


1666 Birth of Child
Elisabeth Richaume was born 31 August 1666 , Montréal, Québec, Canada

1668 Birth of Child
Jeanne Richaume was born 03 December 1668 , Montréal, Québec, Canada

1672 Birth of Child
Madeleine Richaume was born 28 March 1672, Montréal, Québec, Canada

1681 Canadian Census Signeurie de Repentigny
Pierre Richaume, 46
Marthe Arnue, sa femme, 46
enfants:
Jacques, 20
Elizabeth, 15
Jeanne, 12
Madeleine, 9

Source: Histoire des Canadiens-Francais 1608-1880 by Benjamin Sulte, Montreal, 1882
Added: 3/1/2010 3:44:51 PM - Beckie  Updated: 3/1/2010 3:44:51 PM -

1688 Death of Spouse/Partner
Pierre Richaume dit Petrus died 5 August 1688, Repentigny, Québec, Canada (La Purification-de-Repentigny)

Death
26 August 1700
Montréal, Québec, Canada



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