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Did You Know?Quebec - Did you know? To occupy their free time, the inhabitants of New France held soirées, when they would gather to tell stories, or to share in celebrations. In town, many people would go to inns and taverns. There, they would drink spirits and play cards, billiards, backgammon or dice. Gambling, already popular in the 1600s, became even more so during the following century.

Source: Virtual Museum of New France. For more information visit www.historymuseum.ca/ virtual-museum-of-new-france


Marthe-Marie Arnus (Arnue) (Arnault) - 1695
Title	Report
Author	Québec (Québec). Secretary's Office
Published	1891
Original from	the Ne
Marthe-Marie Arnus (Arnue) (Arnault)

1695
Title Report
Author Québec (Québec). Secretary's Office
Published 1891
Original from the New York Public Library
Digitized May 9, 2006
Page 294



La Rochelle, Charente-Maritime, Poitou-Charentes, France -
La Rochelle, Charente-Maritime, Poitou-Charentes, France

Postcard 


La Rochelle, Charente-Maritime, Poitou-Charentes, France -
La Rochelle, Charente-Maritime, Poitou-Charentes, France

Postcard 


La Rochelle, Charente-Maritime, Poitou-Charentes, France -
La Rochelle, Charente-Maritime, Poitou-Charentes, France

Postcard 


La Rochelle, Charente-Maritime, Poitou-Charentes, France - La Rochelle - Le Port et les Yachts
La Rochelle, Charente-Maritime, Poitou-Charentes, France
La Rochelle - Le Port et les Yachts
Postcard 



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immigrant Fille a Marier France  Marthe-Marie  Arnus (Arnue) (Arnault)

  (b. 28 March 1632La Rochelle, Charente-Maritime, Poitou-Charentes, France   d. 26 August 1700Montréal, Québec, Canada (Ville-Marie) (Montreal) )  

Marthe-Marie Arnus (Arnue) (Arnault) was born 28 March 1632 in La Rochelle, Charente-Maritime, Poitou-Charentes, France. Marthe-Marie Arnus (Arnue) (Arnault) was the child of Marc Arnus (Arnue) (Arnault) and Louise Brodeur

Marthe-Marie was a Fille à Marier, arriving in New France by 1658.

She married  Pierre Richaume dit Petrus 16 September 1658 in Montréal, Québec, Canada (Ville-Marie) (Montreal) .  The couple had (at least) 8 children. Pierre Richaume dit Petrus  was born abt. 1636 in Saintes, Charente-Maritime, France .  He died 5 August 1688 in Repentigny, Québec, Canada (La-Purifiation) .  He was the son of Simon Richaume and Catherine Bellier (Belier).

Marthe-Marie Arnus (Arnue) (Arnault) died 26 August 1700 in Montréal, Québec, Canada (Ville-Marie) (Montreal).


Pedigree Chart Pedigree Chart Family Group Record Family Group Record Invention Inventions



Baptisted at Ste Marguerite chapel in the parish Notre-Dame-de-Cougnes in La Rochelle, France.
Daughter of March Arnault and Louise Brodeur.

Marriage / Partner(s) and Child(ren)


Marthe-Marie Arnus (Arnue) (Arnault) married immigrant France Pierre Richaume dit Petrus-- Date: 16 September 1658 Place: Montréal, Québec, Canada (Ville-Marie) (Montreal)
Familysearch.org. Quebec Vital and Church Records (Drouin Collection) [database on-line]. Original data: Gabriel Drouin, comp. Drouin Collection. Montreal, Quebec, Canada: Institut Généalogique Drouin. 


Pierre Richaume dit Petrus was the son of Simon Richaume and Catherine Bellier (Belier)


Marriage record found at Notre-Dame de Montreal, Quebec in Drouin Collection

Pierre Richeaume and Marthe Arnue
Updated: 4/23/2009


Children:
Canada/New France Barbe Richaume (b.22 June 1659, Montréal, Québec, Canada (Ville-Marie) (Montreal)  d. 17 January 1725, Contrecœur, Québec, Canada (Ste-Trinité-de-Contrecoeur))

Canada/New France Gabriel Richaume (b.22 June 1659, Montréal, Québec, Canada (Ville-Marie) (Montreal)  d. 24 December 1659, Montréal, Québec, Canada (Ville-Marie) (Montreal))

Canada/New France Jacques Richaume dit Petrus (b.19 February 1661 , Montréal, Québec, Canada (Ville-Marie) (Montreal)  d. 21 April 1713 , Montréal, Québec, Canada (Ville-Marie) (Montreal))

Canada/New France Marie-Madeleine Richaume (b.23 November 1662, Montréal, Québec, Canada (Ville-Marie) (Montreal)  d. 10 January 1722, Montréal, Québec, Canada (Ville-Marie) (Montreal))

Canada/New France Marie-Marthe Richaume (b.4 March 1665 , Montréal, Québec, Canada (Ville-Marie) (Montreal)  d. 29 July 1703, Contrecœur, Québec, Canada (Ste-Trinité-de-Contrecoeur))

Canada/New France Elisabeth Richaume (b.31 August 1666 , Montréal, Québec, Canada (Ville-Marie) (Montreal)  d. 04 April 1703, Montréal, Québec, Canada (Ville-Marie) (Montreal))

Canada/New France Jeanne Richaume (b.03 December 1668 , Montréal, Québec, Canada (Ville-Marie) (Montreal)  d. 06 December 1701, Montréal, Québec, Canada (Ville-Marie) (Montreal))

Canada/New France Madeleine Richaume (b.28 March 1672, Montréal, Québec, Canada (Ville-Marie) (Montreal)  d. 1 May 1743, Boucherville, Québec, Canada)



Lifetime Events

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Biography
"Marthe Arnault (also seen as Arnu) was born about 1632 and baptized on March 28, 1632 at Ste-Marguerite, La Rochelle, France; the daughter of Marc Arnault and Louise Brodeur. In the days before the state sponsored 'King's Daughters' scheme; seigneurs, churches, merhants; or indeed anyone with a...Read MORE...


Fille a Marier

Filles a MarierFilles a Marier 1634-1662

"When the Company of 100 Associates began their settlement scheme, their plan of recruiting only families proved to be too costly, so instead they signed on single men; tradesman and labourers; who would be indentured for three years. However, this meant that more than 80% of the colonists were men, so even if they decided to stay at the end of their term, there was little hope of them starting a family, unless they chose a Canadian girl. But, since her family would never allow her, or her children, to leave their village; the company directors needed to avoid this from happening.

So instead, they began recruiting "marriagable young girls", who would first sign a contract in France and then be given passage and a small dowry to become the wife of a Quebec settler. You might wonder why these young girls (many under 16), would risk the dangers and hardships, which by now most of France were well aware of; but believe it or not; for many it was the best option.

At the time, marriages were arranged, so if the girl's family did not have the means to provide a sutable dowry, her only option was to become a nun, if she was Catholic; or marry beneath her station. In the case of the young Filles a Marier, though a marriage contract must be signed before departure, she had every right to refuse the union, once she met her husband-to-be. As a matter of fact, many of them did just that, and were provided safe passage home."
Added: 9/15/2010 10:20:29 AM - Beckie  Updated: 9/15/2010 10:20:39 AM - Beckie

France 1635 - France enters Thirty Years War as an active combatant. Franco-Spanish War begins.


France 1638 - King Louis XIV born in France
History of France : Highlights from Louis XIV to Napoleon


Thunderworks (www.youtube.com) -

France 1643 - King Louis XIII dies, Louis XIV assumes French throne


1658 Marriage / Partner
Marthe-Marie Arnus (Arnue) (Arnault) and Pierre Richaume dit Petrus 16 September 1658, Montréal, Québec, Canada (Ville-Marie) (Montreal)

Canada 1659 - François de Laval arrives in Québec as vicar general of the pope (June).

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/ about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1659 Birth of Child
Barbe Richaume was born 22 June 1659, Montréal, Québec, Canada (Ville-Marie) (Montreal)

1659 Birth of Child
Gabriel Richaume was born 22 June 1659, Montréal, Québec, Canada (Ville-Marie) (Montreal)

Canada 1660 - Adam Dollard des Ormeaux and about sixty others withstand an attack by over 500 Iroquois at Long Sault (May). It is traditionally said that the small party fights so well that the Iroquois decide not to attack Montréal.

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/ about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1661 Birth of Child
Jacques Richaume dit Petrus was born 19 February 1661 , Montréal, Québec, Canada (Ville-Marie) (Montreal)

1662 Birth of Child
Marie-Madeleine Richaume was born 23 November 1662, Montréal, Québec, Canada (Ville-Marie) (Montreal)

Canada 1663 - Québec becomes a royal province. The first Filles du roi (Kings Daughters) arrive in New France during the summer
In 1663, the King Louis XIV took over direct control of the government of New France, making it a Crown colony with Québec becoming a Royal Province. Royal governors and other officials replaced...Read MORE...


1665 Birth of Child
Marie-Marthe Richaume was born 4 March 1665 , Montréal, Québec, Canada (Ville-Marie) (Montreal)

1666
Pierre Richomme 30 Habitant

Marthe Arnue 30 Epouse

Barbe Richomme 7 Fille

Jacques Richomme 5 Fils

Marie Magne Richomme 3 Fille

Marie Marthe Richomme ...Read MORE...


Canada 1666 - The Carignan-Salières regiment destroys five Mohawk villages, eventually leading to peace between the Iroquois and the French.

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/ about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1666 Birth of Child
Elisabeth Richaume was born 31 August 1666 , Montréal, Québec, Canada (Ville-Marie) (Montreal)

Canada 1667 - The result of Canada's first census is 3215 non-native inhabitants.

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/ about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1667 - Filles Du Roi Arrive
October 27: One hundred and nine (109) young ladies (Filles du Roi) arrived in Quebec from Dieppe and La Rochelle; 84 from Dieppe, 25 from La Rochelle. Only 15-20 were from good families, several...Read MORE...


Canada 1668 - The Carignan-Salières regiment is recalled to France, but several hundred choose to remain behind, many in return for local seigneuries.

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/ about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1668 Birth of Child
Jeanne Richaume was born 03 December 1668 , Montréal, Québec, Canada (Ville-Marie) (Montreal)

Canada 1670 - The Hudson's Bay Company is founded by royal charter and, underwritten by a group of English merchants, is granted trade rights over Rupert's Land -- i.e., all territory draining into Hudson Bay (May 2).

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/ about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1672 - Comte de Frontenac becomes governor general of New France, later quarrelling frequently with the intendant and the bishop.

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/ about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1672 Birth of Child
Madeleine Richaume was born 28 March 1672, Montréal, Québec, Canada (Ville-Marie) (Montreal)

Canada 1673 - Final Group of Filles du Roi Arrive
September: The last shipment of Filles du Roi arrived Quebec from France, and the program ended. The population of New France had risen to 6,700 people, an increase of 168% in the eleven years...Read MORE...


Canada 1673 - Frontenac sends Marquette and Jolliet to explore the Missippi.

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/ about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1674 - Laval becomes the first bishop of Québec.

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/ about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1681 Canadian Census Signeurie de Repentigny
Pierre Richaume, 46
Marthe Arnue, sa femme, 46
enfants:
Jacques, 20
Elizabeth, 15
Jeanne, 12
Madeleine, 9

Source: Histoire des Canadiens-Francais 1608-1880 by Benjamin Sulte, Montreal, 1882
Added: 3/1/2010 3:44:51 PM - Beckie  Updated: 3/1/2010 3:44:51 PM -

Canada 1686 - De Troyes and D'Iberville capture three English posts on James Bay (June-July).

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/ about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1688 Death of Spouse/Partner
Pierre Richaume dit Petrus died 5 August 1688, Repentigny, Québec, Canada (La-Purifiation)

Canada 1689 - Attacked by Iroquois - Lachine Massacre
On the night of August 4-5, 1689, nearly 1,500 Iroquois warriors crossed the St. Lawrence at Lake St. Louis, its widest point in the Montreal area. On the opposite shore, the inhabitants of the...Read MORE...


Canada 1690 - Port Royal is captured by British forces led by Phipps.

www.acadian-cajun.com/ acadtime.htm -

Canada 1690 - Frontenac repels Phips' (sent from Massachusetts) attack on Québec (October)

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/ about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Death
26 August 1700
Montréal, Québec, Canada (Ville-Marie) (Montreal)


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