What is a 'dit/dite' name?
When the first settlers came to Canada from France it was a custom to add a 'dit' nickname to the surname. The English translation of 'dit' is 'said'. The Colonists of Nouvelle France added 'dit' names as distinguishers. A settler might have wanted to differentiate their family from their siblings by taking a 'dit' name that described the locale to which they had relocated.
The acquiring of a 'dit' name might also be the result of a casual adoption, whereby the person wanted to honor the family who had raised them. Another reason was also to distinguish themselves by taking as a 'dit' name the town or village in France from which they originated. This custom ended around 1900 when people began using only one name, either the 'dit' nickname or their original surname.
Source: American-French Genealogical Society, Woonsocket, Rhode Island (www.afgs.org/ditnames/index1.html)
Quebec - Did you know?Between 1714 and 1754, approximately 4,500 immigrants settled in New France. They included indentured workers and soldiers stationed in the colony, but most of them, it appears, were unsavory characters, including hundreds of salt smugglers who sold salt illegally in France. France wanted to get rid of these smugglers, and the colony accepted them without complaint because once they were in New France, most of them mended their ways and were on their best behavior.
Source: History of Quebec for Dummies by Eric Bedard, published by John Wiley & Sons, Canada, Ltd.
Paris - Les Grands Boulevards (1900)
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Joseph Petit, son of Henry Petit and Elisabeth Fontaine Marie Chenay, daughter of Bertrand Chenay and Marie Madeleine Bellanger
"The eldest, Marie Chenay, became god-daughter of Jean Gloria on 22 September 1658, and joined her life to that of Joseph Petit dit Bruneau, at Quebec on 16 September 1675. Marie saw ten children grow up at Trois-Rivieres and even became the Seigneuresse of Maskinonge. It was there that she died in 1730."
Thomas J. Laforest Our French-Canadian Ancestors : Volume XII, Page 88
1667 - Filles Du Roi Arrive October 27: One hundred and nine (109) young ladies (Filles du Roi) arrived in Quebec from Dieppe and La Rochelle; 84 from Dieppe, 25 from La Rochelle. Only 15-20 were from good families, several...Read MORE...
1668 - The Carignan-Salières regiment is recalled to France, but several hundred choose to remain behind, many in return for local seigneuries.
1670 - The Hudson's Bay Company is founded by royal charter and, underwritten by a group of English merchants, is granted trade rights over Rupert's Land -- i.e., all territory draining into Hudson Bay (May 2).
1710 Death of Child Marie-Jeanne Petit died 13 March 1710 , Maskinongé, Québec, Canada
1713 - Treaty of Utrecht ended Queen Anne's War (War of the Spanish Succession) Hudson's Bay, Acadia and Newfoundland now all belonged to the English. Cape Breton belonged to the French. History of Quebec for Dummies by Eric Bedard, published by John Wiley & Sons, Canada, Ltd. -
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