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Did You Know?Quebec - Did you know? It is the old custom in French Canada (originating in Europe) to bury the dead in the church cemetery. After a period of time, if donations stop coming from the family, the stone is removed to make room for a new burial. This is why you will almost never see a headstone older than 100 years in Québec, unless it was from a non-catholic denomination.


Over time, Quebec has gone through a series of name changes.

From its inception in the early 1600s until 1760, it was called Canada, New France
1760 to 1763, it was simply Canada
1763 to 1791 - Province of Quebec
1791 to 1867 - Lower Canada
1867 to present - Quebec, Canada

Thanks to Micheline MacDonald for providing this information.

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immigrant Fille a Marier flag  Suzanne  Betfer (Bedford)

  (b. abt. 1629, England   d. bet. 1688 and 1694Lachenaie, Canada, New France )  

Suzanne Betfer (Bedford) was born abt. 1629 in , England . Suzanne Betfer (Bedford) was the child of

Suzanne was a Fille à Marier, arriving in New France by 1649.

She married  Mathieu Hubout (Huboult) (Houbou) dit DesLongchamps 28 September 1649 in Québec, Canada, New France .  The couple had (at least) 9 children. Mathieu Hubout (Huboult) (Houbou) dit DesLongchamps  was born 5 March 1626 in , France .  He died 31 October 1678 in Lachenaie, Québec, Canada (Saint-Charles-de-Lachenaie) . 

Suzanne Betfer (Bedford) died bet. 1688 and 1694 in Lachenaie, Canada, New France .

Pedigree Chart Pedigree Chart Family Group Record Family Group Record Invention Inventions

Daughter of Gilbert Betfer and Anne Bonne

Marriage / Partner(s) and Child(ren)

Suzanne Betfer (Bedford) married immigrant flag Mathieu Hubout (Huboult) (Houbou) dit DesLongchamps-- Date: 28 September 1649 Place: Québec, Canada, New France Quebec Vital and Church Records (Drouin Collection) [database on-line]. Original data: Gabriel Drouin, comp. Drouin Collection. Montreal, Quebec, Canada: Institut Généalogique Drouin. 

Suzanne Bedford was born about 1635 in Gloucester, Angleterre, England; the daughter of Gilbert Bedford and Anne Bonne. Her parents, (or at least her mother), may have been hugenots in exile who moved back to France, allowing Suzanne to benefit from the scheme to colonize the small Quebec colony.

She married Mathieu Hubou on September 25, 1649 at Ville De Quebec and they would have nine children before his death on October 31, 1678 at Pointe Aux Trembles. weallcamefromsomewhere/ Kebec/ hubou_migration.html

Added: 2/26/2010 4:48:26 PM  
Updated: 4/17/2016 6:34:29 PM

flag Athanase Hubout (Huboult) (Houbou) (b.02 November 1650 , Québec, Canada, New France   d. 1665, , Québec Province, Canada )

flag Mathieu Hubout (Huboult) (Houbou) (b.09 August 1652 , Québec, Canada, New France   d. 17 January 1723, Saint-François-de-l'Île-d'Orléans, Canada, New France)

flag Jean Hubout (Huboult) (Houbou) dit DesLongchamps (b.9 August 1654, Québec, Canada, New France   d. 3 March 1699, Lachenaie, Canada, New France )

flag Geneviève Hubout (Huboult) (Houbou) (b.18 April 1656 , Québec, Canada, New France   d. 12 June 1702, Lachenaie, Canada, New France )

flag Anne Hubout (Huboult) (Houbou) (b.07 August 1658, Québec, Canada, New France   d. 31 January 1728, Montréal, Canada, New France )

flag Jacques Hubout (Huboult) (Houbou) (b.01 May 1660 , Québec, Canada, New France   d. 15 April 1676, Lachenaie, Canada, New France )

flag Nicolas Hubout (Huboult) (Houbou) (b.19 July 1662 , Québec, Canada, New France   d. 22 July 1662, Québec, Canada, New France )

flag Charles Hubout (Huboult) (Houbou) (b.09 September 1664, Québec, Canada, New France   d. , )

flag Madeleine Hubout (Huboult) (Houbou) (b.16 January 1678 , Québec, Canada, New France   d. 08 February 1678, Québec, Canada, New France )

Suzanne Betfer or Bedford (sometimes written "Botfaite") was born about 1629 in Gloucester, England, the daughter of Gilbert (or Richard)Bedford and Anne Bonne. She was widowed by merchant Jean Seme before coming to Canada in 1649.

Suzanne Bedford Before the King’s Daughters: The Filles `a...

Fille a Marier

"When the Company of 100 Associates began their settlement scheme, their plan of recruiting only families proved to be too costly, so instead they signed on single men; tradesman and labourers; who would be indentured for three years. However, this meant that more than 80% of the colonists were men, so even if they decided to stay at the end of their term, there was little hope of them starting a family, unless they chose a Canadian girl. But, since her family would never allow her, or her children, to leave their village; the company directors needed to avoid this from happening.

So instead, they began recruiting "marriagable young girls", who would first sign a contract in France and then be given passage and a small dowry to become the wife of a Quebec settler. You might wonder why these young girls (many under 16), would risk the dangers and hardships, which by now most of France were well aware of; but believe it or not; for many it was the best option.

At the time, marriages were arranged, so if the girl's family did not have the means to provide a sutable dowry, her only option was to become a nun, if she was Catholic; or marry beneath her station. In the case of the young Filles a Marier, though a marriage contract must be signed before departure, she had every right to refuse the union, once she met her husband-to-be. As a matter of fact, many of them did just that, and were provided safe passage home." (
Added: 9/15/2010 10:26:24 AM - Beckie  Updated: 9/15/2010 10:26:35 AM - Beckie

1649 Marriage / Partner
Suzanne Betfer (Bedford) and Mathieu Hubout (Huboult) (Houbou) dit DesLongchamps 28 September 1649, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)

1650 Birth of Child
Athanase Hubout (Huboult) (Houbou) was born 02 November 1650 , Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)

1652 Birth of Child
Mathieu Hubout (Huboult) (Houbou) was born 09 August 1652 , Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)

1654 Birth of Child
Jean Hubout (Huboult) (Houbou) dit DesLongchamps was born 9 August 1654, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)

1656 Birth of Child
Geneviève Hubout (Huboult) (Houbou) was born 18 April 1656 , Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)

1658 Birth of Child
Anne Hubout (Huboult) (Houbou) was born 07 August 1658, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)

1660 Birth of Child
Jacques Hubout (Huboult) (Houbou) was born 01 May 1660 , Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)

1662 Birth of Child
Nicolas Hubout (Huboult) (Houbou) was born 19 July 1662 , Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)

1664 Birth of Child
Charles Hubout (Huboult) (Houbou) was born 09 September 1664, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)

1676 Death of Child
Jacques Hubout (Huboult) (Houbou) died 15 April 1676, Lachenaie, Québec, Canada (Saint-Charles-de-Lachenaie)

1678 Birth of Child
Madeleine Hubout (Huboult) (Houbou) was born 16 January 1678 , Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)

1678 Death of Spouse/Partner
Mathieu Hubout (Huboult) (Houbou) dit DesLongchamps died 31 October 1678 , Lachenaie, Québec, Canada (Saint-Charles-de-Lachenaie)

1681 Canadian Census Signeurie de La Chenaye
Suzanne Bettefer, 46
Mathieu, 28
Jean, 26
Nicolas, 18
Charles, 16

Source: Histoire des Canadiens-Francais 1608-1880 by Benjamin Sulte, Montreal, 1882
Added: 3/1/2010 3:59:29 PM - Beckie  Updated: 3/1/2010 3:59:29 PM -

Added: 2/26/2010 4:47:45 PM

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