The Seigneurial System (1627 - 1854)
The seigneurial system was a form of land settlement modeled on the French feudal system. It began in New France in 1627 with the formation of the Compagnie des Cent-Associés (or Company of 100 Associates), which was initially responsible for handing out land grants and seigneurial rights.
The land was divided into five by 15 kilometer plots, usually along major rivers like the St. Lawrence. They were then further subdivided into narrow, but long lots for settlement. These lots were usually long enough to be suitable for faming, and they provided everyone who lived on them with equal access to neighbouring farms and the river.
There were three main groups of people who lived off the land in this system: Seigneurs, Habitants and Engagés
Jean ("Petit Jean") Lavallée was a habitant.
Habitants were usually farmers or labourers who were initially brought over from France to live on this land. They had to pay rent and taxes to the seigneur, though they co-owned the land with the seigneur, and even had to work entirely for the benefit of the seigneur a few days each year.
Source: Canada in the Making (www.canadiana.ca/citm/index_e.html)
Quebec - Did you know?The life of the French-Canadians in Quebec was largely agrarian. It was a system where each household grew, produced or bartered for everything the family needed to survive. By the mid-1800s, as the population grew and family farms could no longer support succeeding generations, many left behind this self-sufficient life style for one based on wage labor in the mills. Eventually, one third of Quebec's population left Canada for mill villages in New England where they gathered in close-knit ethnic communities.
He married Marguerite Dusson
in Sorel, Québec, Canada (St-Pierre-de-Sorel)
The couple had (at least) 7 children.
was born 1656
in , France
She died 20 July 1731
in Sorel, Québec, Canada (St-Pierre-de-Sorel)
Jean ("Petit Jean") Lavallée died 22 July 1692
in Montréal, Québec, Canada (Ville-Marie) (Montreal).
9th July, 1658 - Forbidding the Sale of Liquor to Indians (Montreal) Renewed orders, forbidding the sale of liquor to the Indians, under pain of confiscation and a fine to be paid to the Villemarie church. Sessional Papers: Volume 24, Issue 2 Quebec Province Legislature January 1, 1890 -
1659 - New Laws (Montreal) 18th January, 1659. — By-law to put an end to riots and desertions arising from drunkenness and strict orders to the Officers of Justice to enforce it.
1660 - Shoes (Quebec) The Jesuits claim the engage system was originated some time before this date to increase the population of Quebec. Their terms of employment were 3 years. Many of these engages became Coureurs de...Read MORE...
1660 - Adam Dollard des Ormeaux and about sixty others withstand an attack by over 500 Iroquois at Long Sault (May). It is traditionally said that the small party fights so well that the Iroquois decide not to attack Montréal.
1663 - The Great Earthquake (Quebec) February 5: Just before the Great Earthquake, Quebec was in carnival, orgies, drinking bouts, and dances, not to speak of some things more serious, which may offend chaste ears and are better passed ...Read MORE...
1664 - Bathing and such (Quebec) At this time the colonists rarely bathe, believing a bath would cause colic, headaches and vertigo. This European tradition usually resulted in a May bath with June weddings before they started to...Read MORE...
1665 - Notable citizens of Quebec ...Michel Filion and Pierre Duquet, notaries; Jean Madry, surgeon to the king's majesty; Jean Le Mire, the future syndic des habitants; Madame d'Ailleboust, widow of a former governor; Madame...Read MORE...
1666 - Isaac Newton discovers gravity "...According to the well-known story, it was on seeing an apple fall in his orchard at some time during 1665 or 1666 that Newton conceived that the same force governed the motion of the Moon and the ...Read MORE...
1666 - January 9 - M. de Courcelles started from Quebec with 300 men from the regiment of Carignan-Salieres and 200 volunteers, habitants, using sledges drawn by mastiff dogs, for Fort St. Theresa, nine miles above the present village of Chambly, The weather was so severe that the soldiers nearly perished from cold. Three centuries in Champlain valley.. Plattsburgh, N. Y. : Saranac chapter, D. A. R., 1909 -
1667 - The result of Canada's first census is 3215 non-native inhabitants.
1667 - February 4 - The officers of the Carignan Regiment gave a ball at Quebec the first given in Canada, sixty years after the founding of the colony. After the coming of the Carignan Regiment, there was a decline in the standard of morals. Three centuries in Champlain valley.. Plattsburgh, N. Y. : Saranac chapter, D. A. R., 1909 -
1667 - Filles Du Roi Arrive October 27: One hundred and nine (109) young ladies (Filles du Roi) arrived in Quebec from Dieppe and La Rochelle; 84 from Dieppe, 25 from La Rochelle. Only 15-20 were from good families, several...Read MORE...
1668 - The Carignan-Salières regiment is recalled to France, but several hundred choose to remain behind, many in return for local seigneuries.
1670 - The Hudson's Bay Company is founded by royal charter and, underwritten by a group of English merchants, is granted trade rights over Rupert's Land -- i.e., all territory draining into Hudson Bay (May 2).
1674 Birth of Child Jean Lavallée was born 14 February 1674, Sorel, Québec, Canada (St-Pierre-de-Sorel)
1675 Birth of Child Françoise Lavallee was born 27 December 1675, Sorel, Québec, Canada (St-Pierre-de-Sorel)
1678 Birth of Child Catherine Lavallee was born 3 November 1678, Sorel, Québec, Canada (St-Pierre-de-Sorel)
1680 Birth of Child Pierre-Noel Lavallee was born 5 April 1680, Sorel, Québec, Canada (St-Pierre-de-Sorel)
1681 Saint-Francois-du-Lac (La Seigneurie de Saurel), QC, Canada Jean Lavallee, (7), 29 ans; Marguerite Duson, sa femme, 15 ans. Enfants: Anne 10, Jean 8, Francoise 6, Noel 4, Catherine 1. 2 betes a cornes, 12 arpents.
Title Revue canadienne Publisher Revue canadienne, 1886 Original from Oxford University Digitized Sep 24, 2007 Page...Read MORE...
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