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Did You Know? The Seigneurial System (1627 - 1854)
The seigneurial system was a form of land settlement modeled on the French feudal system. It began in New France in 1627 with the formation of the Compagnie des Cent-Associés (or Company of 100 Associates), which was initially responsible for handing out land grants and seigneurial rights. The land was divided into five by 15 kilometer plots, usually along major rivers like the St. Lawrence. They were then further subdivided into narrow, but long lots for settlement. These lots were usually long enough to be suitable for faming, and they provided everyone who lived on them with equal access to neighbouring farms and the river. There were three main groups of people who lived off the land in this system: Seigneurs, Habitants and Engagés

Jean ("Petit Jean") Lavallée was a habitant.
Habitants were usually farmers or labourers who were initially brought over from France to live on this land. They had to pay rent and taxes to the seigneur, though they co-owned the land with the seigneur, and even had to work entirely for the benefit of the seigneur a few days each year.

Source: Canada in the Making (www.canadiana.ca/citm/index_e.html)


Did You Know?Did you know...A common belief in old Quebec was that lutins [spirits] had the power to do many things for people. They could procure good weather for the crops. They could watch over favorite animals. They could intercede for the recovery of a sick member of the household. Some have even been known to, 'during the night, shave the face of his master and black his boots for Sunday morning'.

Source: The Journal of American Folklore, Vol. 5, No. 19, Oct. - Dec., 1892, Lutins in the Province of Quebec


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Canada/New France  Jean ("Petit Jean")  Lavallée

  (b. 26 November 1653Québec (Quebec), Québec, Canada (Quebec City)   d. 22 July 1692Montréal, Québec, Canada (Montreal) )  
Cause of Death: killed by Iroquois leaving 5 children

Jean ("Petit Jean") Lavallée was born 26 November 1653 in Québec (Quebec), Québec, Canada (Quebec City). Jean ("Petit Jean") Lavallée was the child of Geoffroy (Godfroy) Guillot dit Lavallée and Marie D'Abancourt

He married  Marguerite Dusson abt. 1671 in Sorel, Québec, Canada (St-Pierre-de-Sorel) .  The couple had (at least) 7 children. Marguerite Dusson  was born 1656 in France .  She died 20 July 1731 in Sorel, Québec, Canada (St-Pierre-de-Sorel) . 

Jean ("Petit Jean") Lavallée died 22 July 1692 in Montréal, Québec, Canada (Montreal).


Pedigree Chart Pedigree Chart Family Group Record Family Group Record Invention Inventions



Occupation: Occupation: habitant, menuisier

Marriage / Partner(s) and Child(ren)


Jean ("Petit Jean") Lavallée married immigrant Fille du Roi France Marguerite Dusson-- Date: abt. 1671 Place: Sorel, Québec, Canada (St-Pierre-de-Sorel)
Click here to go to source Le Programme de recherche en démographie historique - Univeriste de Montreal 


Marriage not found at Saint-Pierre-de-Sorel in Drouin Collection for this date. Only baptism records appear to be available.

PRDH has no record of this marriage, however there are records of the baptisms of their children, the first one being in 1674 at Sorel.

Jean Vallee (Petit Jean) and Marguerite Dusson

Updated: 8/30/2010 7:50:05 AM


Children:
Canada/New France Anne Lavallee (b.abt. 1671, Québec (Quebec) Province, Canada (New France)  d. , )

Canada/New France Jeanne Lavallée (b.abt. 1671, Québec (Quebec) Province, Canada (New France)  d. 3 March 1715, L'Ancienne Lorette, Québec, Québec, Canada)

Canada/New France Jean Lavallée (b.14 February 1674, Sorel, Québec, Canada (St-Pierre-de-Sorel)  d. 30 December 1743, Sorel, Québec, Canada (St-Pierre-de-Sorel))

Canada/New France Françoise Lavallee (b.27 December 1675, Sorel, Québec, Canada (St-Pierre-de-Sorel)  d. 27 January 1748, Sorel, Québec, Canada (St-Pierre-de-Sorel))

Canada/New France Catherine Lavallee (b.3 November 1678, Sorel, Québec, Canada (St-Pierre-de-Sorel)  d. 24 February 1722, Sorel, Québec, Canada (St-Pierre-de-Sorel))

Canada/New France Pierre-Noel Lavallee (b.5 April 1680, Sorel, Québec, Canada (St-Pierre-de-Sorel)  d. , )

Canada/New France Marie Lavallee (b., Québec (Quebec) Province, Canada (New France)  d. , )



Lifetime Events

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Baptism
Joannes Guillot
born 26 November 1653
baptised 17 December 1653
Notre-Dame-de-Québec
Familysearch.org. Quebec Vital and Church Records (Drouin Collection) [database on-line]. Original data: Gabriel Drouin, comp. Drouin Collection. Montreal, Quebec, Canada: Institut Généalogique Drouin.
Added: 5/11/2015 2:55:16 PM - 1  Updated: -

Invention1656 - The pendulum clock is invented (Christiaan Huygens, Netherlands)


News18th March, 1658 - Right to Bear Arms in Montreal
By-law permitting the inhabitants of Villemarie to provide themselves with guns and ammunition, to defend themselves against the Iroquois, to work in safe places, and to retire to their houses at the ...Read MORE...


News9th July, 1658 - Forbidding the Sale of Liquor to Indians (Montreal)
Renewed orders, forbidding the sale of liquor to the Indians, under pain of confiscation and a fine to be paid to the Villemarie church.
Sessional Papers: Volume 24, Issue 2 Quebec Province Legislature January 1, 1890 -

News1659 - New Laws (Montreal)
18th January, 1659. — By-law to put an end to riots and desertions arising from drunkenness and strict orders to the Officers of Justice to enforce it.

5th April, 1659. — Order prohibiting fishing...Read MORE...


Canada1659 - François de Laval arrives in Québec as vicar general of the pope (June).

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/ about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada1660 - Adam Dollard des Ormeaux and about sixty others withstand an attack by over 500 Iroquois at Long Sault (May). It is traditionally said that the small party fights so well that the Iroquois decide not to attack Montréal.

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/ about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

News1660 - Shoes (Quebec)
The Jesuits claim the engage system was originated some time before this date to increase the population of Quebec. Their terms of employment were 3 years. Many of these engages became Coureurs de B...Read MORE...


News20th September 1662. — Firing guns during the night, or going out after retreat, prohibited. (Montreal)

Sessional Papers: Volume 24, Issue 2 Quebec Province Legislature January 1, 1890 -

Canada1663 - Québec becomes a royal province. The first Filles du roi (Kings Daughters) arrive in New France during the summer
In 1663, the King Louis XIV took over direct control of the government of New France, making it a Crown colony with Québec becoming a Royal Province. Royal governors and other officials replaced priva...Read MORE...


News1663 - The Great Earthquake (Quebec)
February 5: Just before the Great Earthquake, Quebec was in carnival, orgies, drinking bouts, and dances, not to speak of some things more serious, which may offend chaste ears and are better passed ...Read MORE...


News1664 - Bathing and such (Quebec)
At this time the colonists rarely bathe, believing a bath would cause colic, headaches and vertigo. This European tradition usually resulted in a May bath with June weddings before they started to sm...Read MORE...


News1665 - Notable citizens of Quebec
...Michel Filion and Pierre Duquet, notaries; Jean Madry, surgeon to the king's majesty; Jean Le Mire, the future syndic des habitants; Madame d'Ailleboust, widow of a former governor; Madame Couillar...Read MORE...


1665
Lavalleé, Jean (Petit-Jean), Company: Saint-Ours
Carignan-Salières RegimentThe Carignan-Salières Regiment, June-Sept 1665, Quebec, Canada
Added: - 1  Updated: -

NewsOn June 30, 1665, Companies of the Carignan-Saliere Regiment arrived in New France. This contingent consisted of 1,200 soldiers who set out to conquer the Iroquois territories further south.

History of Quebec for Dummies by Eric Bedard, published by John Wiley & Sons, Canada, Ltd. -

News1665 - December 13: A peace treaty with the Iroquois is made in Quebec.
...1664 was also the year when Louis XIV decided on a final solution to Canada's Iroquois problem. He sent the famous Carignan regiment of troops under the capable command of the veteran Marquis de Tr...Read MORE...


Canada1666 - The Carignan-Salières regiment destroys five Mohawk villages, eventually leading to peace between the Iroquois and the French.

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/ about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

News1666 Census - Montreal or Ville-Marie was scarcely more important than Three Rivers. The population of the whole district numbered only 625.
A fort built by Maisonneuve and Ailleboust at Pointe-a-Callieres; the house of the Sulpicians at the foot of the present Saint-Sulpice Street; the Hotel-Dieu on the other side of that street; the conv...Read MORE...


Invention1666 - Isaac Newton discovers gravity


News1666 - January 9 - M. de Courcelles started from Quebec with 300 men from the regiment of Carignan-Salieres and 200 volunteers, habitants,
using sledges drawn by mastiff dogs, for Fort St. Theresa, nine miles above the present village of Chambly, The weather was so severe that the soldiers nearly perished from cold.
Three centuries in Champlain valley.. Plattsburgh, N. Y. : Saranac chapter, D. A. R., 1909 -

Canada1667 - The result of Canada's first census is 3215 non-native inhabitants.

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/ about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

News1667 - February 4 - The officers of the Carignan Regiment gave a ball at Quebec the first given in Canada, sixty years after the founding of the colony.
After the coming of the Carignan Regiment, there was a decline in the standard of morals.
Three centuries in Champlain valley.. Plattsburgh, N. Y. : Saranac chapter, D. A. R., 1909 -

Canada1667 - Filles Du Roi Arrive
October 27: One hundred and nine (109) young ladies (Filles du Roi) arrived in Quebec from Dieppe and La Rochelle; 84 from Dieppe, 25 from La Rochelle. Only 15-20 were from good families, several a...Read MORE...


Canada1668 - The Carignan-Salières regiment is recalled to France, but several hundred choose to remain behind, many in return for local seigneuries.

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/ about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

News1669 - Respecting the Divine (Montreal)
2nd April, 1669. — Ordinance of the King prohibiting inn-keepers from furnishing the people of the town with food or drink during the hours of divine service, under penalty of a fine for the first off...Read MORE...


News7th March 1670 — Ordinance instructing the inhabitants of Montreal to mark their sacks and bags when they bring them to the mill.

Sessional Papers: Volume 24, Issue 2 Quebec Province Legislature January 1, 1890 -

Canada1670 - The Hudson's Bay Company is founded by royal charter and, underwritten by a group of English merchants, is granted trade rights over Rupert's Land -- i.e., all territory draining into Hudson Bay (May 2).

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/ about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1671 Marriage / Partner
Jean ("Petit Jean") Lavallée and Marguerite Dusson abt. 1671, Sorel, Québec, Canada (St-Pierre-de-Sorel)

Canada1672 - Comte de Frontenac becomes governor general of New France, later quarrelling frequently with the intendant and the bishop.

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/ about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada1673 - Frontenac sends Marquette and Jolliet to explore the Missippi.

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/ about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada1673 - Final Group of Filles du Roi Arrive
September: The last shipment of Filles du Roi arrived Quebec from France, and the program ended. The population of New France had risen to 6,700 people, an increase of 168% in the eleven years since...Read MORE...


Canada1674 - Laval becomes the first bishop of Québec.

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/ about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1681 Saint-Francois-du-Lac (La Seigneurie de Saurel), QC, Canada
Jean Lavallee, (7), 29 ans; Marguerite Duson, sa femme, 15 ans. Enfants: Anne 10, Jean 8, Francoise 6, Noel 4, Catherine 1. 2 betes a cornes, 12 arpents.

Title Revue canadienne
Publisher Revue canadienne, 1886
Original from Oxford University
Digitized Sep 24, 2007
Page 397Read MORE...




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