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Did You Know?Quebec - Did you know? Bread was made from both wheat and rye flour, the product of the seigneurial mills. Corn cakes were baked in Indian fashion from ground maize. Fat salted pork was a staple during the winter, and nearly every habitant laid away each autumn a smoked supply of eels from the river. Game of all sorts he could get with little trouble at any time, wild ducks, geese, and partridges. Following the Indian custom, venison was smoked and hung on the kitchen beams, where it kept for months until needed. Salted or smoked fish had also to be provided for family use, since the usages of the Church required that meat should not be used upon numerous fast-days.

Source: Daily Life in New France ( french/ daily_life_in_new_france.htm)

Over time, Quebec has gone through a series of name changes.

From its inception in the early 1600s until 1760, it was called Canada, New France
1760 to 1763, it was simply Canada
1763 to 1791 - Province of Quebec
1791 to 1867 - Lower Canada
1867 to present - Quebec, Canada

Thanks to Micheline MacDonald for providing this information.

Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City) - Cathedral-Basilica of Notre-Dame de Québec
16, rue de Buade, Quebec City, Quebec
Located on this site since 1647, the cathedral has twice been destroyed by fire throughout the centuries.
Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)
Cathedral-Basilica of Notre-Dame de Québec
16, rue de Buade, Quebec City, Quebec
Located on this site since 1647, the cathedral has twice been destroyed by fire throughout the centuries.

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immigrant Fille a Marier flag  Marie  Chapelier

  (b. 6 January 1621, France   d. 15 March 1697Québec, Canada, New France )  

Marie Chapelier was born 6 January 1621 in , France. Marie Chapelier was the child of

Marie was a Fille à Marier, arriving in New France by 1649.

She married  Robert Drouin 29 November 1649 in Québec, Canada, New France .  The couple had (at least) 8 children. Robert Drouin  was born 16 August 1607 in Mortagne, Perche, France (Mortagne-au-Perche) .  He died 1 June 1685 in Château-Richer, Québec, Canada (La Visitation-de-Notre-Dame de Chateau-Richer) . 

Marie Chapelier died 15 March 1697 in Québec, Canada, New France .

Pedigree Chart Pedigree Chart Family Group Record Family Group Record Invention Inventions

Daughter of Jean Chapelier and Marguerite Dodier

Marriage / Partner(s) and Child(ren)

Marie Chapelier married immigrant flag Robert Drouin-- Date: 29 November 1649 Place: Québec, Canada, New France Quebec Vital and Church Records (Drouin Collection) [database on-line]. Original data: Gabriel Drouin, comp. Drouin Collection. Montreal, Quebec, Canada: Institut Généalogique Drouin. 

29 Nov 1649

Robert Drouin and Marie Chapelier

"On 26 November 1649, Robert penned his mark to the bottom line of his second marriage contract. Marie Chappelier, widow of Pierre Petit, a native of Compte-Robert-en-Brie, daughter of Jean and of Marguerite Dodier, accepted him as her husband... Old Zacharie Cloutier did not trust stepmother Chapelier. 'He feared that the said children were mistreated by this new woman.' He took custody of his two grandchildren during the time his son-in-law lived at Trois-Rivieres (around 1650)."

Thomas J. Laforest
Our French-Canadian Ancestors : Volume II, Page 68

Added: 1/26/2010 10:49:50 AM  
Updated: 3/22/2017 7:01:14 PM

flag Marie Drouin (b.18 September 1650 , Trois-Rivières, Canada, New France   d. 2 May 1664, Château-Richer, Canada, New France )

flag Nicolas Drouin (b.7 January 1652, Québec, Canada, New France   d. 5 October 1723, Sainte-Famille-de-l'île-d'Orléans, Canada, New France)

flag Pierre Drouin (b.10 November 1653, Québec, Canada, New France   d. abt. 1667, , Québec Province, Canada )

flag Marguerite Drouin (b.23 December 1655, Québec, Canada, New France   d. 1 June 1692, Château-Richer, Canada, New France )

flag Étienne Drouin (b.abt. 1658, Québec, Canada, New France   d. 13 September 1732, Château-Richer, Canada, New France )

flag Catherine Drouin (b.2 January 1660, Québec, Canada, New France   d. 25 March 1734, Château-Richer, Canada, New France )

flag Jean-Baptiste Drouin (b.13 February 1662, Château-Richer, Canada, New France   d. abt. 1681, , Québec Province, Canada )

flag Marie-Madeleine Drouin (b.26 November 1664, Château-Richer, Canada, New France   d. 03 February 1665, Château-Richer, Canada, New France )

6 January 1621
, France

Fille a Marier

"When the Company of 100 Associates began their settlement scheme, their plan of recruiting only families proved to be too costly, so instead they signed on single men; tradesman and labourers; who would be indentured for three years. However, this meant that more than 80% of the colonists were men, so even if they decided to stay at the end of their term, there was little hope of them starting a family, unless they chose a Canadian girl. But, since her family would never allow her, or her children, to leave their village; the company directors needed to avoid this from happening.

So instead, they began recruiting "marriagable young girls", who would first sign a contract in France and then be given passage and a small dowry to become the wife of a Quebec settler. You might wonder why these young girls (many under 16), would risk the dangers and hardships, which by now most of France were well aware of; but believe it or not; for many it was the best option.

At the time, marriages were arranged, so if the girl's family did not have the means to provide a sutable dowry, her only option was to become a nun, if she was Catholic; or marry beneath her station. In the case of the young Filles a Marier, though a marriage contract must be signed before departure, she had every right to refuse the union, once she met her husband-to-be. As a matter of fact, many of them did just that, and were provided safe passage home." (
Added: 9/15/2010 10:34:29 AM - Beckie  Updated: 9/15/2010 10:34:41 AM - Beckie

1649 Marriage / Partner
Marie Chapelier and Robert Drouin 29 November 1649, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)

1650 Birth of Child
Marie Drouin was born 18 September 1650 , Trois-Rivières, Québec, Canada

1652 Birth of Child
Nicolas Drouin was born 7 January 1652, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)

1653 Birth of Child
Pierre Drouin was born 10 November 1653, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)

1655 Birth of Child
Marguerite Drouin was born 23 December 1655, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)

1660 Birth of Child
Catherine Drouin was born 2 January 1660, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)

1662 Birth of Child
Jean-Baptiste Drouin was born 13 February 1662, Château-Richer, Québec, Canada (La Visitation-de-Notre-Dame de Chateau-Richer)

1664 Death of Child
Marie Drouin died 2 May 1664, Château-Richer, Québec, Canada (La Visitation-de-Notre-Dame de Chateau-Richer)

1664 Birth of Child
Marie-Madeleine Drouin was born 26 November 1664, Château-Richer, Québec, Canada (La Visitation-de-Notre-Dame de Chateau-Richer)

1685 Death of Spouse/Partner
Robert Drouin died 1 June 1685, Château-Richer, Québec, Canada (La Visitation-de-Notre-Dame de Chateau-Richer)

1692 Death of Child
Marguerite Drouin died 1 June 1692, Château-Richer, Québec, Canada (La Visitation-de-Notre-Dame de Chateau-Richer)

15 March 1697
Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)

Added: 1/26/2010 10:48:54 AM

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