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Did You Know? What is a 'dit/dite' name?  When the first settlers came to Canada from France it was a custom to add a 'dit' nickname to the surname. The English translation of 'dit' is 'said'. The Colonists of Nouvelle France added 'dit' names as distinguishers. A settler might have wanted to differentiate their family from their siblings by taking a 'dit' name that described the locale to which they had relocated. The acquiring of a 'dit' name might also be the result of a casual adoption, whereby the person wanted to honor the family who had raised them. Another reason was also to distinguish themselves by taking as a 'dit' name the town or village in France from which they originated. This custom ended around 1900 when people began using only one name, either the 'dit' nickname or their original surname.

Source: American-French Genealogical Society, Woonsocket, Rhode Island (

Over time, Quebec has gone through a series of name changes.

From its inception in the early 1600s until 1760, it was called Canada, New France
1760 to 1763, it was simply Canada
1763 to 1791 - Province of Quebec
1791 to 1867 - Lower Canada
1867 to present - Quebec, Canada

Thanks to Micheline MacDonald for providing this information.

Périgueux,  France  -
Périgueux, France


Périgueux,  France  -
Périgueux, France


Périgueux,  France  -
Périgueux, France


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immigrant Carignan-Salières Soldier France  Jean  Gazaille dit St-Germain

  (b. 12 December 1639Périgueux, France   d. bef. 15 September 1694Saint-Ours, Canada, New France )  

Jean Gazaille dit St-Germain was born 12 December 1639 in Périgueux, France . Jean Gazaille dit St-Germain was the child of Jean Gazaille and Aubine Regne

Jean was a Carignan-Salières soldier, arriving in New France in 1665.

He married  Jeanne Touze 8 October 1668 in Québec, Canada, New France (Quebec City) .  The couple had (at least) 5 children. Jeanne Touze  was born 17 November 1640 in , France .  She died 3 July 1726 in Contrecœur, Québec, Canada . 

Jean Gazaille dit St-Germain died bef. 15 September 1694 in Saint-Ours, Canada, New France.

Pedigree Chart Pedigree Chart Family Group Record Family Group Record Invention Inventions

Occupation: Carignan-Salières soldier - Contrecoeur Company corporal

Marriage / Partner(s) and Child(ren)

Jean Gazaille dit St-Germain married immigrant Fille du Roi France Jeanne Touze-- Date: 8 October 1668 Place: Québec, Canada, New France (Quebec City)

Updated: 12/15/2014 10:52:10 AM

Canada/New France Jeanne Gazaille dite St-Germain (b.abt. 1671, , Québec Province, Canada   d. 16 April 1747, Laval, Canada, New France )

Canada/New France Marie-Marthe Gazaille dite St-Germain (b.28 December 1675, Boucherville, Canada, New France  d. 21 March 1734, Contrecœur, Canada, New France )

Canada/New France Barbe Gazaille (b.8 March 1678, Contrecœur, Canada, New France   d. ,  )

Canada/New France Jean-François Gazaille dit St-Germain (b.abt. 1680, , Québec Province, Canada   d. 7 June 1760, Saint-Denis-sur-Richelieu, Canada)

Canada/New France Jean Gazaille dit St-Germain (b.3 March 1683, Contrecœur, Canada, New France   d. 21 November 1760, Contrecœur, Canada )

Lifetime Events

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12 December 1639
Périgueux, France

France 1643 - King Louis XIII dies, Louis XIV assumes French throne

France 1659 - France and Spain sign the Treaty of the Pyrenees.

France On August 26, 1660, Louis XIV made a triumphal entry into Paris with his wife, Marie-Therese. The royal couple took their places...
Louis XIV wasn't just a ceremonial king who represents the kingdom, but makes no decisions of his own... His regime was considered an absolute monarchy, and Louis XIV was the sole master. No...Read MORE...

Gazaille, Jean (Saint-Germain), Company: Contrecoeur
The Carignan-Salières Regiment, June-Sept 1665, Quebec, Canada
Added: - Beckie  Updated: -

Canada 1666 - The Carignan-Salières regiment destroys five Mohawk villages, eventually leading to peace between the Iroquois and the French. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1667 - The result of Canada's first census is 3215 non-native inhabitants. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1667 - Filles Du Roi Arrive
October 27: One hundred and nine (109) young ladies (Filles du Roi) arrived in Quebec from Dieppe and La Rochelle; 84 from Dieppe, 25 from La Rochelle. Only 15-20 were from good families, several...Read MORE...

Carignan-Salières Regiment Officers and Soldiers (who married Filles du Roi)
Gazaille, Jean, dit St-Germaine, m. Jeanne Touze, 08 Oct. 1668
Corporal, Company: Contrecoeurr

The Carignan-Salières Regiment, June-Sept 1665, Quebec, Canada
Added: 9/14/2010 3:28:42 PM - Beckie  Updated: 9/15/2010 10:05:56 AM - Beckie

1668 Marriage / Partner
Jean Gazaille dit St-Germain and Jeanne Touze 8 October 1668, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)

Canada 1668 - The Carignan-Salières regiment is recalled to France, but several hundred choose to remain behind, many in return for local seigneuries. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1670 - The Hudson's Bay Company is founded by royal charter and, underwritten by a group of English merchants, is granted trade rights over Rupert's Land -- i.e., all territory draining into Hudson Bay (May 2). about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1672 - Comte de Frontenac becomes governor general of New France, later quarrelling frequently with the intendant and the bishop. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1673 - Final Group of Filles du Roi Arrive
September: The last shipment of Filles du Roi arrived Quebec from France, and the program ended. The population of New France had risen to 6,700 people, an increase of 168% in the eleven years...Read MORE...

Canada 1673 - Frontenac sends Marquette and Jolliet to explore the Missippi. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1674 - Laval becomes the first bishop of Québec. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1675 Birth of Child
Marie-Marthe Gazaille dite St-Germain was born 28 December 1675, Boucherville, Québec, Canada

1678 Birth of Child
Barbe Gazaille was born 8 March 1678, Contrecœur, Québec, Canada

1683 Birth of Child
Jean Gazaille dit St-Germain was born 3 March 1683, Contrecœur, Québec, Canada

Canada 1686 - De Troyes and D'Iberville capture three English posts on James Bay (June-July). about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1689 - Attacked by Iroquois - Lachine Massacre
On the night of August 4-5, 1689, nearly 1,500 Iroquois warriors crossed the St. Lawrence at Lake St. Louis, its widest point in the Montreal area. On the opposite shore, the inhabitants of the...Read MORE...

Canada 1690 - Port Royal is captured by British forces led by Phipps. acadtime.htm -

Canada 1690 - Frontenac repels Phips' (sent from Massachusetts) attack on Québec (October) about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -


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